ENZYMES IN THE HUMAN BODY COMPLETED


Chemical digestion of food occurs with the help of certain chemicals. Digestive enzymes are chemical substances that function to break down large and complex food molecules into simpler and smaller molecules. This simple molecule allows blood and lymph fluid (lymph) to be transported to all cells where they are needed.

In general, enzymes have the following properties: they work on certain substrates, require a certain temperature and a certain acidity (pH). An enzyme cannot act on other substrates. Enzyme molecules will also be damaged by temperatures that are too low or too high. Similarly, enzymes that work in acidic conditions will not work in alkaline conditions and vice versa. The types of digestive enzymes are:

1. Enzyme ptyalin

Ptyalin enzymes are found in saliva, produced by the salivary glands. The function of the ptyalin enzyme is to convert starch (starch) into glucose.

2. Amylase enzyme

The amylase enzyme is produced by the salivary (parotid) glands in the mouth and the pancreas. The action of the amylase enzyme is: Starch is often known as starch or starch. Starch is a carbohydrate or saccharide that has a complex molecule. The amylase enzyme breaks down this starch molecule into saccharides with a simpler molecule, namely maltose.

3. Maltase enzyme

Maltase enzyme is found in the duodenum, which functions to break down maltose molecules into glucose molecules. Glucose is a simple saccharide (monosaccharide). Glucose molecules are small and lighter than maltose, so the blood can transport glucose to be carried to all cells that need it.


4. Pepsin enzyme

The pepsin enzyme is produced by glands in the stomach in the form of pepsinogen. Furthermore, pepsinogen reacts with gastric acid to become pepsin. The pepsin enzyme works, namely: The pepsin enzyme breaks down complex protein molecules into simpler molecules, namely peptone. Peptone molecules need to be broken down again so they can be transported by the blood.



5. Trypsin enzyme

The trypsin enzyme is produced by the pancreas gland and flows into the duodenum (duodenum). How the trypsin enzyme works are: Amino acids have simpler molecules when compared to peptone molecules. These amino acid molecules are transported by the blood and carried to all cells that need it. Furthermore, the cell will reassemble the amino acids to form proteins for various cell needs.


6. Enzyme renin

The enzyme renin is produced by glands in the stomach wall. The function of the renin enzyme is to precipitate casein from milk. Casein is a milk protein, often referred to as cheese. After casein is deposited from milk, the substances in milk can be digested.


7. Hydrochloric acid (HCl)

Hydrochloric acid (HCl), often known as gastric acid, is produced by glands in the stomach wall. Hydrochloric acid serves to kill certain microorganisms that enter with food. The production of hydrochloric acid which is unstable and tends to be excessive, can cause stomach inflammation which is often called "gastritis".


3. Maltase enzyme

Maltase enzyme is found in the duodenum, which functions to break down maltose molecules into glucose molecules. Glucose is a simple saccharide (monosaccharide). Glucose molecules are small and lighter than maltose, so the blood can transport glucose to be carried to all cells that need it.


4. Pepsin enzyme

The pepsin enzyme is produced by glands in the stomach in the form of pepsinogen. Furthermore, pepsinogen reacts with gastric acid to become pepsin. The pepsin enzyme works, namely: The pepsin enzyme breaks down complex protein molecules into simpler molecules, namely peptone. Peptone molecules need to be broken down again so they can be transported by the blood.


5. Trypsin enzyme

The trypsin enzyme is produced by the pancreas gland and flows into the duodenum (duodenum). How the trypsin enzyme works are: Amino acids have simpler molecules when compared to peptone molecules. These amino acid molecules are transported by the blood and carried to all cells that need it. Furthermore, the cell will reassemble the amino acids to form proteins for various cell needs.


6. Enzyme renin

The enzyme renin is produced by glands in the stomach wall. The function of the renin enzyme is to precipitate casein from milk. Casein is a milk protein, often referred to as cheese. After casein is deposited from milk, the substances in milk can be digested.


7. Hydrochloric acid (HCl)

Hydrochloric acid (HCl), often known as gastric acid, is produced by glands in the stomach wall. Hydrochloric acid serves to kill certain microorganisms that enter with food. The production of hydrochloric acid which is unstable and tends to be excessive, can cause stomach inflammation which is often called "gastritis".

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