Biography of the First President, Ir. Soekarno (1945-1966), Read This

Biography of the First President, Ir. Soekarno (1945-1966)

Indonesian president's biography from first to present  - The first president of the Republic of Indonesia, Soekarno, who was usually called Bung Karno, was born in Blitar, East Java, June 6, 1901 and died in Jakarta, June 21, 1970. His father was Raden Soekemi Sosrodihardjo and his mother Ida Ayu Nyoman Rai . During his lifetime, he had three wives and was blessed with eight children. From Fatmawati's wife, they have children Guntur, Megawati, Rachmawati, Sukmawati and Guruh. From Hartini's wife, he has Taufan and Bayu, while from Ratna Sari Dewi's wife, a Japanese woman whose real name is Naoko Nemoto has a child, Kartika.


Soekarno's childhood was only a few years living with his parents in Blitar. From elementary school to graduation, he lived in Surabaya, a boarding house at the house of Haji Oemar Said Tokroaminoto, a long-time politician who founded Syarikat Islam. Then he continued his studies at HBS (Hoogere Burger School). While studying at HBS, Soekarno had galvanized his spirit of nationalism. After graduating from HBS in 1920, he moved to Bandung and continued to THS (Technische Hoogeschool or Higher Technical School which is now ITB). He won the title "Ir" on May 25, 1926.

Then, he formulated the teachings of Marhaenism and founded the PNI (Indonesian National Party) on July 4, 1927, with the goal of an independent Indonesia. As a result, the Dutch put him in Sukamiskin prison, Bandung on December 29, 1929. Eight months later, he was tried. In his defense entitled Indonesia Mengjuang, he showed the apostasy of the Netherlands, a nation that claimed to be more advanced.

His defense made the Dutch even more angry. So that in July 1930, the PNI was disbanded. After being released in 1931, Soekarno joined Partindo and at the same time led it. As a result, he was again arrested by the Dutch and exiled to Ende, Flores, in 1933. Four years later he was transferred to Bengkulu.

After going through a long struggle, Bung Karno and Bung Hatta proclaimed Indonesia's independence on August 17, 1945. In the BPUPKI meeting on June 1, 1945, Ir. Soekarno put forward the idea of ​​the basis of the state which he called Pancasila. On August 17, 1945, Ir Soekarno and Drs. Mohammad Hatta proclaimed Indonesian independence. In the PPKI meeting, August 18, 1945 Ir. Soekarno was elected by acclamation as the first President of the Republic of Indonesia.