Jumat, 13 Januari 2023

Biography of the Second President, Suharto (1966-19980), Read This

Indonesian president biography from first to present - Suharto is the second President of the Republic of Indonesia. He was born in Kemusuk, Yogyakarta, on June 8 1921. His father was named Kertosudiro, a farmer who was also an assistant to the lurah in irrigating the village rice fields, while his mother was named Sukirah.

Suharto entered school when he was eight years old, but moved frequently. Originally he was sent to school at the Puluhan Village School (SD), Godean. Then he moved to SD Pedes, because his mother and husband, Pak Pramono, moved to Kemusuk Kidul. However, Pak Kertosudiro then moved him to Wuryantoro. Suharto was placed in the house of his younger sister who married Prawirowihardjo, a farmer's orderly.

Until finally he was elected as an exemplary soldier at the Non-commissioned Officer School, Gombong, Central Java in 1941. He officially became a member of the TNI on October 5, 1945. In 1947, Suharto married Siti Hartinah, a child of a Mangkunegaran employee.

The marriage of Lieutenant Colonel Suharto and Siti Hartinah took place on December 26, 1947 in Solo. At that time Suharto was 26 years old and Hartinah was 24 years old. They had six sons and a daughter; Siti Hardiyanti Hastuti, Sigit Harjojudanto, Bambang Trihatmodjo, Siti Hediati Herijadi, Hutomo Mandala Putra and Siti Hutami Endang Adiningsih.

General HM Suharto has walked a long journey in his military and political career. In the military, Pak Harto started with the rank of KNIL army sergeant, then PETA commander, regiment commander with the rank of Major and battalion commander with the rank of Lieutenant Colonel.

In 1949, he succeeded in leading his troops to retake the city of Yogyakarta from the hands of the Dutch colonialists at that time. He was also the Guard of the Commander-in-Chief of Sudirman. Besides that, he was also the Commander of the Mandala (liberation of West Irian).

On October 1, 1965, the G-30-S/PKI erupted. Suharto took over command of the Army. In addition to being confirmed as the Commander of the Army, General Suharto was appointed as the Commander of the Military and Security Forces by President Soekarno. In March 1966, General Suharto received a March 11 Order from President Soekarno. His job was to restore security and order and safeguard the teachings of the Great Leader of the Revolution, Bung Karno.

Due to the deteriorating political situation after the outbreak of the G-30-S/PKI, the Special Session of the MPRS, March 1967, appointed Pak Harto as Acting President, inaugurated as the Second President of the Republic of Indonesia, March 1968. Pak Harto ruled for more than three decades through six elections , until he resigned, May 21, 1998.

Second Republic of Indonesia resident HM Soeharto died at 13.10 WIB Sunday, January 27 2008. The Great General who was honored by the MPR as the Father of National Development, died at the age of 87 after being treated for 24 days (from 4 to 27 January 2008) at the Hospital Pertamina Center (RSPP), Jakarta.

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