Cell Discoverer – Robert Hooke
Robert Hooke was the discoverer of the first cell he observed using a microscope. He was born in Freshwater, Isle of Wight, England on July 18, 1635, he was an inventor, chemist and mathematician, architect and philosopher. He is the son of a pastor.
His father, John Hooke, was a curator at the All Saints Church museum. In childhood Hooke studied at his father. Because his parents were poor, Hooke was not free to choose where to study and finally he became interested in art, and then he was sent to London to study with the painter Peter Lely.
In 1665, Robert Hooke observed sections of cork from the stem of Quercus suber using a microscope. He found empty rooms bounded by thick walls during his observations.
Robert Hooke called these empty spaces cellulae, which means cells. The cells that Robert Hooke discovered were dead cork cells.
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In 1665 Hooke published a book called Micrographia, a book which described microscopic and telescopic observations, and several original works in biology.
Hooke coined the term cell first to describe a biological organism, a term suggested by the plant cell's resemblance to the skin cells of monks.
The gold-tooled microscope he used to make observations for Micrographia, originally built by Christopher White in London, is on display at the National Museum of Health and Medicine in Washington, DC.
Definition of Cells
Cells are the smallest units that make up the body of living things. The cell is the smallest unit (unit, particle) of living things, which can carry out life. The cell is called the smallest unit because it cannot be divided into smaller units that stand alone.
Structurally, the bodies of living things are composed of cells so that the cell is called the structural unit of living things. Functionally, a living body can organize life if the constituent cells function. Because of that the cell is also called the functional unit of living things.
Cells contain genetic material, which is material that determines the characteristics of living things. With the existence of genetic material, the characteristics of living things can be passed on to offspring.
Where the inside of the cell consists of:Cell Membrane
Cytoskeletonsource : https://www.penemu.co/penemu-sel-robert-hooke/