Minggu, 15 Januari 2023

History of the Indonesian Air Force, Read This

The history of the birth of the Indonesian Air Force began with the formation of the People's Security Agency (BKR) on August 23, 1945, in order to strengthen the Air Fleet, which at that time was very short of aircraft and other facilities. In line with its development, it changed to the People's Security Army (TKR), on October 5, 1945 under the name TKR aviation division under Air Commodore Soerjadi Soerjadarma.

On January 23, 1946 TKR was again upgraded to TRI, as a continuation of the development of the Air Force, then on April 9, 1946, the TRI flight service was abolished and replaced with the Republic of Indonesia Air Force, now commemorated as the birthday of the Indonesian Air Force which was inaugurated at the same time as the establishment Indonesian National Armed Forces (TNI).

One of the monumental histories that is always commemorated by the ranks of the Indonesian Air Force every year is what is called the Indonesian Air Force Service Day. The commemoration of the Service Day of the Indonesian Air Force, was motivated by two events that occurred in one day on July 29, 1947. The first incident, in the morning, three Indonesian Air Force flight cadets, Cadet Mulyono, Cadet Suharnoko Harbani and Cadet Sutarjo Sigit, used two planes. Cureng and one Guntei succeeded in bombing the Dutch fortifications in three places, one each in the cities of Semarang, Salatiga and Ambarawa.

The second incident was the crash of the DAKOTA VT-CLA aircraft which resulted in the deaths of three Indonesian Air Force pilots, Adisutjipto, Abdurahman Saleh and Adisumarmo respectively. The Dakota plane that crashed in the Ngoto area, south of Yogyakarta, was not a military plane, but a civilian plane chartered by the Indonesian government to carry medical aid from the Malayan Red Cross.

The shooting was carried out by two Dutch military aircraft of the Kittyhawk type, which were annoyed by the bombing of Indonesian Air Force cadets in the morning. To commemorate the services and sacrifices of the three pioneers of the Indonesian Air Force, since July 2000, a monument to the struggle of the Indonesian Air Force has been built at the crash site of the Dakota VT-CLA (Ngoto) aircraft and a monument and relief about the two events behind it. At the site of the monument, the tombs of Adisutjipto and Abdurachman Saleh and their wives were also built.


The day was October 27, 1945, a day

Approaching the 17th anniversary of the Youth Pledge, at Pangkalan Maguwo, Yogyakarta, there was a lot of activity. It seems that the technicians are around a Cureng plane marked with a Red and White circle, preparing everything for a planned flight. They wanted a Red and White plane to fly that day, to revive the Youth Pledge.

Air Commodore Agustinus Adisutjipto, better known as Pak Adi, is the only Indonesian pilot stationed at Maguwo Base. That day, Pak Adi will fly with Cureng Merah Putih. The effort paid off.

Mr. Adi flew the Red and White Cureng Plane circling in the Sky of the Maguwo Base watched with awe by all members of the base below. That was the beginning of an Indonesian plane with the red and white markings flying in the sky of an independent Indonesia.

source: https://tni-au.mil.id/history-tni-angkat-udara/

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