HISTORY OF THE MAIN STADIUM OF GELORA BUNG KARNO (SUGBK) INDONESIA
Gelora Bung Karno Main Stadium (SUGBK) is a multi-purpose stadium in Jakarta, Indonesia which is part of the Bung Karno Sports Complex. This stadium is generally used as an arena for international football matches.
The stadium is named Gelora Bung Karno in honor of Soekarno, Indonesia's first president, who is also the figure who sparked the idea of building this sports complex.
Aside from being a place to exercise, the Gelora Bung Karno area is often used by various community groups as a meeting place. Besides that, at the beginning of the purpose of building this stadium, President Soekarno also wanted the sports complex that was built for the 1962 Asian Games IV to also be used as the lungs of the city and an open space where residents gather.
A distinctive feature of this stadium is the roof which Bung Karno called "Temu Gelang", which is a large steel construction roof that forms a giant ring and protects the spectators from the heat and rain.
Gelora Bung Karno was built starting from President Soekarno in welcoming the opportunity by offering Indonesia to host a grand sporting event in Asia, the IV Asian Games. After being approved, he immediately ordered his subordinates to immediately design a modern and most complete sports center complex as well as a public park and green open space. How did the story come to Senayan, which was used as a construction site? and this development sacrificed 4 villages with more than 60,000 residents who had to leave their hometowns.
And at that time Bung Karno's surge complex was very broad. Until in the end the vast area had to be divided for the construction of government and private offices. On July 21, 1962, the Main Stadium with a capacity of 100 thousand spectators was completely built. In early February 1960, to be precise on February 8, the first President Ir Soekarno, (Bung Karno) planted a stake in the Main Stadium as a declaration of the construction of the Asian Games IV complex, witnessed by the deputy prime minister of the Soviet Union, Anastas Mikoyan. Its construction was funded by soft credit from the Soviet Union of 12.5 million US dollars, which certainty was obtained on December 23, 1958. There is something special about this Main Stadium. The hallmark of this building is the oval-shaped 'roof meeting bracelets'. The long axis of the building (north-south) is 354 meters long,
The stadium is surrounded by an outer ring road (athletic tracks) that are 920 meters long. Inside there is a football field measuring 105 x 70 meters, along with an elliptical track, with a long axis of 176.1 meters and a short axis of 124.2 meters. With a capacity of around 100,000 people, the stadium, which began construction in mid-1958 and completed its first phase in the third quarter of 1962, is one of the largest in the world.
Ahead of the 2007 Asian Cup, renovations were carried out at the stadium which reduced the stadium's capacity to 88,083 spectators
In the context of de-Soekarnoization, during the New Order era, the name of this stadium was changed to Senayan Main Stadium.
After the rolling reform wave in 1998, the name of this stadium was returned to its original name through Presidential Decree No. 7/2001. Namely Gelora Bung Karno Stadium. The manager of this stadium is the Gelora Bung Karno Foundation, which until now is still trusted as the operator of the Bung Karno Sports Arena complex. During the Senayan Sports Arena Foundation era, there were many irregularities so that the Bung Karno Geloran area, which was originally 279.1 hectares in area, has shrunk to only 136.84 hectares (49%).
Of that 51%, 67.52 hectares or around 24.2% of the original area was used for various government buildings such as the MPR/DPR building, the Office of the Ministry of Forestry, the Office of the Ministry of National Education, the TVRI Building, Graha Pemuda, the Gelora Village Office, Public High School 24, Community Health Center, and a restaurant. The remaining 26.7% or 74.4 hectares are leased or sold for various buildings such as for example to Hilton Hotels, Ratu Plaza commercial complex, Mulia Hotel, Hotel Atlet Century Park (formerly Wisma Atlet Senayan), Taman Ria Remaja Senayan, Wisma Fairbanks , Plaza Senayan and various other commercial buildings.