Definition of a Democratic State and an Authoritarian State
of Democracy
The word democracy may be familiar to our ears, especially since our country also adheres to a democratic political system. What exactly is meant by democracy? Democracy comes from the Greek word demos which means people, and kratos/cratein which means government, so that democracy can be interpreted as government of the people. In accordance with the view of one of the experts, namely Abraham Lincoln, that:
Democracy is government of the people, by the people, and for the people.
Countries that adhere to a democratic system include Indonesia, the United States, Australia, and New Zealand.

Authoritarianism is often associated with royal states. Authoritarianism is power held by a few people or a group of people, very broad and unlimited power covering the entire life of the country, and there is no need or absence of a government accountability mechanism. So the head of state or government has full power over his country.

Countries that adhere to an authoritarian political system such as Brunei Darussalam, Thailand, Myanmar, Iran and North Korea.
Indicators of Distinguishing Democracy from State Authoritarian
In a democratic country, state leaders are regularly replaced according to state regulations. Meanwhile, in an authoritarian state, periodic changes in state leadership do not apply, state leaders or dictators have full power over the state.
Division of Power
A democratic country prioritizes the division of powers (executive, legislative and judicial) while an authoritarian state prioritizes the centralization of power
Function and Number of Political Parties
in the country

democracy has more than one political party, the function of political parties is as a means of reciprocal communication between the government and the people. While an authoritarian state is usually only one party or several but still one that monopolizes the exercise of power, the function of political parties is more to indoctrinate the government to the people.
The Role of Political Parties
Democratic countries have political parties that act as links in the political culture chain from the previous generation to the next. Meanwhile, in an authoritarian state, the socialization of the mindset determined by the
Protection of Human Rights party is prioritized
Democratic countries adhere to the protection of human rights for every member of society, whereas in an authoritarian state the protection of human rights is not enforced so that human rights violations often occur.
Freedom of the Press The
management of the state and government is open and conveyed to the public through the press in a democratic country. Whereas in authoritarian countries the government is more closed and not known to the public.
Law, Constitution and Judiciary
The government of a democratic country is constitutional or law based, while an authoritarian state is not based on a constitution and law which is more concerned with the political vision of the ruler.
Legal Function
In a democracy, law functions as an instrument for implementing the will of the people, whereas in an authoritarian state, law serves as the legitimacy for the program of the authorities.
Solving Problem solving in an authoritarian country is done by way of deliberation, while in an authoritarian country the problem solving is determined by the government or authorities.

This is the difference between a democratic country and an authoritarian country. We should be able to understand that every country has different ideals so that the determination of power, in this case the political system, is also different. A country may not be forced to adopt a political system because it is the right of the country itself and mutual respect between one country and another. As human beings, we should appreciate and respect each other as human beings of the Almighty.

Source: mapelklas