Minggu, 15 Januari 2023

Summary of Dutch Military Aggression 1 Brief and Complete

The Dutch Military Aggression 1
was planned by Van Mook, he was planning puppet states and wanted to restore Dutch rule over Indonesia. To achieve this goal the Dutch violated the previously agreed linggajati negotiations, they even tore up the paper of the agreement. Then on July 21, 1947, the Dutch launched their first military action targeting major cities on the islands of Java and Sumatra.

The TNI troops, who never expected that Dutch military aggression would occur, were not ready to confront the attack that came suddenly. The attack resulted in the TNI troops being scattered. Under such circumstances, TNI troops are trying to establish coordination between units and build new defense areas. TNI troops launched guerrilla tactics to face the Dutch troops. With guerrilla tactics, the space for the Dutch troops to move was limited. Dutch troop movements were only in the big cities and main roads, while outside the cities, power was in the hands of the TNI troops.

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Dutch Military Aggression 1 in fact caused a great reaction from the international community. On July 30, 1947, the governments of India and Australia made a formal request that the Indonesian issue be immediately included in the agenda of the UN Security Council. On August 1 1947, the UN Security Council ordered the termination of both parties which took effect on August 4, 1947. To oversee the implementation of the ceasefire agreement, a Consular Commission was formed whose members were consul generals in Indonesia

The Consular Commission is chaired by the United States Consul General Dr. Walter Foote with members Consul General of China, Belgium, France, England and Australia. The Consular Commission was strengthened by military officers from the United States and France, serving as military observers. In its report to the Security Council, the Consular Commission stated that from 30 July 1947 to 4 August 1947 Dutch troops were still carrying out military movements. However, the Dutch government strongly rejected the demarcation line demanded by the Indonesian government.

Even though the Dutch Military Aggression 1 had ended, a ceasefire had been negotiated, but shootings were still common in the field. This is due to the lack of outreach to troops in the field. Continue reading Dutch military aggression 2.

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