ADVANTAGES AND WEAKNESSES OF RATIONALISM AND EMPIRISM
THE ADVANTAGES AND WEAKNESSES OF RATIONALISM
1. The advantage of rationalism is being able to compile philosophical systems that originate from humans. For example logic, which since the time of Aristotle, then mathematics and the truth of ratios are tested by verification of logical consistency.
The advantages of Rationalism are in reasoning and explaining complex understandings, then Rationalism makes a contribution to those who are interested in working on philosophical issues. Rationalism thinks that explaining and emphasizing the mind as a gift that belongs to all human beings.
The doctrines of rational philosophy tend to emphasize subjects rather than objects, so that rationalism only thinks that comes out of its mind which is correct, without paying sensitive attention to rational objects. The weakness of rationalism is understanding objects outside the scope of rationality so that these weak points invite sharp criticism, as well as starting new hostilities with fellow philosophical thinkers who disagree with these subjective philosophical systems.
Rationalism is a philosophical approach that emphasizes reason as the main source of knowledge, precedes or excels, and is free to argue that experience or observation is not a guarantee for truth. Some realities can be validated without the help of empiricist experience. Among them is by deduction and intuition is a method of thinking without being proven by the method of empiricism, but contains the truth that can not be doubted.
Rational consequences are causal, truth consequences are causes that state it is true, while the truth of some realities can be identified by the existence of these causes and effects.
THE ADVANTAGES AND WEAKNESSES OF EMPIRISM
1. The advantage of empiricism is that sensory experience is a true source of knowledge, because empirical understanding puts forward facts that occur in the field.
2. While the weaknesses of empiricism are quite a lot, they are as follows:
a. Limited senses. Objects that are far away seem small. Is that thing small that thing is small? No. This limited sensory ability can report objects incorrectly.
b. Deceptive senses. In people who are sick with malaria, gulara tastes bitter, hot air feels cold. This will give rise to erroneous empirical knowledge as well.
c. Deceptive object. Examples are illusions, mirages. So, the object is not actually as it is perceived by the sense organs; he deceives the senses. This obviously can give rise to false senses.
d. Sense and object at once. In this case the senses (here the eyes) are unable to see a buffalo as a whole, and the buffalo also cannot show its body as a whole. If you look at it from the front, what you see is the buffalo's head, and the buffalo at that time were indeed unable to show their tails at the same time. The conclusion is that empiricism is weak because of the limitations of the human senses.