Senin, 05 Juni 2023

This is the Law of Asking for Death in Islam

Question: Yes, Ustadz, recently I have had the feeling of wanting to die quickly. Even though I know I don't have any supplies yet. I said it is better to die than live to add to sin. Even in my prayers I hope to be quickly killed if this world is worse than my hereafter. Question :

1. Am I a sinner, who wants to hasten his death?
2. Will the sin of a person who commits suicide be forgiven by God?

Address: Bekasi
Email: afatxxx@yahoo.com

Ustadz Musyaffa, Lc answered :
First : Longevity with righteous deeds is better for a believer, as the words of the Prophet - shallallahu alaihi wasallam -:

“ The best human being is the one whose life is long and his deeds are good. ” (Narrated by Ahmad and Tirmidzy, authenticated by Albani)

He, may God bless him and grant him peace, also said:

" Fortunate are those who live long and do good deeds. ” (HR. Thabrani and Abu Nu'aim, authenticated by Albani) .

Second : There are many hadiths that prohibit us from wishing for death, including:

“ Don't wish for death, and don't pray for death before it's time! Because his charity will be cut off when death picks him up, and because the age of a believer will add nothing but good to him ." (HR. Muslim, no. 2682)

“ Don't expect death, because it could be, he is a good person, and it is hoped that his goodness will increase. And it could be, he is an ugly person, and it is hoped that he will change hoping for the pleasure of Allah (with repentance and forgiveness). ” (Narrated by Bukhari, no. 7235)

" Don't expect death because of a worldly misfortune, if you have to, then let him say: 'Oh Allah, prolong my life, if life is better for me, and let me die if death is better for me'! " (HR. Bukhari, no. 5671, An-Nasa'i, no. 1820, authenticated by Albani)

Anas bin Malik radhiallahu'anhu said: “ If I had not heard the Prophet –shollallohu alaihi wasallam say 'Don't expect death', surely I would have expected it. ” (Narrated by Bukhari, no. 7233)

Third: The scholars distinguish between wishing death due to worldly slander (trials), and expecting death due to slander ukhrowi (religion). The first is makruh, the second is permissible (See Syarh Muslim , hadith no 2680, by Imam An Nawawi). The Messenger of Allah - Shallallahu 'alaihi wasallam - in a prayer, said: " If You wish to give slander (trials in religion) to your servant, then take my (life) in a state that is not afflicted by slander (trials)! “

Lajnah Da'imah (25/399) chaired by Shaykh Abdul Aziz Bin Baz said: "Expecting death due to worldly trials such as illness, poverty, etc., is makruh."

Lajnah Da'imah (2/323) also says: "Expecting death is not permissible, unless one is afraid of slander (trials) in one's religion."

Fourth : You can also hope for martyrdom, as he said: " Whoever asks Allah to die as a martyr, then He will deliver him to the rank of martyrs' even if he dies on his bed ." (HR. Muslim, no. 1909)

Fifth: Suicide is a grave sin , because there is a special threat to it, as he said:

" Whoever kills himself with an iron, then in hell hell later the iron is always in his hand, he sticks it into his stomach forever. And whoever kills himself by drinking poison, then in hell he will continue to drink it forever. And whoever kills himself by dropping himself from the mountain, then in hell hell later, he will drop (himself) forever. ” (Narrated by Muslim, 109)

If Allah wills, the sin of suicide can be forgiven, as His words:

God does not forgive that partners should be associated with Him, but He forgives what is less than that to whom He wills.

" Surely Allah will not forgive the sin of shirk, and forgive sins other than shirk for whomever he wills ." (Qs. An-Nisa: 48)

Wallahu a'lam .

Author: Ustadz Musyaffa Ad Dariny

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(azm/ arrahmah.com )

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