Rabu, 15 November 2023




A. Background

Allah SWT is the most powerful being, Allah's might is incomparable, unlimited and eternal. Allah SWT created this universe for the benefit of mankind, in creating nature Allah never asked for help from other creatures, therefore we as servants of Allah should always glorify Him, Allah's ability by always obeying everything He has commanded and also stay away from everything that He has forbidden.

Allah's ability to create nature and its contents is a form of Asmaul Husna, namely Al-Aziz, Allah has 99 Asma'ul Husna, including Al-Gaffar, Al-Basit, An-Nafi', Ar-Rauf, Al-Barr, Al-Hakim, Al-Fattah, Al-Adl, Al-Qayyum, and so on. These names have been mentioned in the Qur'an that the existence of Asmaul Husna is proof that Allah is all-powerful and all-wise, for this reason we are obliged to practice Asmaul Husna in our daily lives.
B. Problem Formulation

1. Menguraikan 10 Asmaul Husna yakni (Al Muqsith, An Nafii`, Al Waarist, Ar Raafi`, Al Baasith, Al Hafizh, Al Waduud, Al Waalii, Al Mu`izz, Al Afuww).

2. Menujukan Kebenaran tanda-tanda kebesaran Allah melalui 10 Asmaul Husna (Al Muqsith, An Nafii`, Al Waarist, Ar Raafi`, Al Baasith, Al Hafizh, Al Waduud, Al Waalii, Al Mu`izz, Al Afuww).

3. List of properties that include 10 names Asmaul Husna, (Al `Aziiz, Al Ghafour, An Nafii`, Al Baasith, Ar Ra`uuf, Al Barri, Al `Adl, Al Ghaffaar, Al Fattaah, Al Qayyuum) in modern life -hari.

4. Imitating the attributes of God contained in the 10 Asmaul Husna (Muqsith, An Nafii`, Al Waarist, Ar Raafi`, Al Baasith, Al Hafizh, Al Waduud, Al Waalii, Al Mu`izz, Al Afuww) in daily life -day.




A. Menguraikan 10 Asmaul Husna yakni (Al Muqsith, An Nafii`, Al Waarist, Ar Raafi`, Al Baasith, Al Hafizh, Al Waduud, Al Waalii, Al Mu`izz, Al Afuww).

According to language, asma'ul husna means good names, while according to terminology it means the good names that Allah has as proof of His majesty and glory. In the Qur'an good names are explained in Qs. Al-A'raf/7: 180 as follows:

And to God belong the most beautiful names, so call upon Him by them, and leave those who deny His names. They will be recompensed for what they used to do.

Meaning: "Only God's name belongs to God, so pray to Him by saying that name and leave those who deviate from the truth in His name. Later they will get a reward for what they have done." (Qs. Al-A'raf/7: 180)

The beautiful names (Asmaul Husna), numbering 99 according to Sunni scholars, can be arranged chronologically so beautifully like a string of prayer beads. Starting with the lafadz al-jalalah, Allah, with the number 0 (zero), which is considered the number of perfection, followed by al-Rahman, al-Rahim and so on until the number 99, al-Sabur. And back again to the number zero, Allah (al-jalalah), or back again to the big divider in a string of prayer beads, the symbol for the number zero is a circle, starting and ending at one point, or according to the terms of the Qur'an: Inna li Allah wa inna ilaihi raji'un, (we come from God and will return to Him). [1]

As mentioned above, there are 99 names of Asmaul Husna Allah SWT. Some of the Asmaul Husna are included in the mandatory characteristics of Allah, namely the characteristics that Allah SWT definitely has. Regarding the number of Asmaul Husna, Rasulullah SAW said; Meaning: "In fact, Allah has ninety-nine names, one hundred minus one. Whoever memorizes it and believes in its truth will enter heaven, indeed Allah is most odd and not even and loves odd things. (HR. Ibn Majah).

Returning again to the initial discussion, namely describing the nature of Allah in Asmaul Husna (Al Muqsith, An Nafii`, Al Waarist, Ar Raafi`, Al Baasith, Al Hafizh, Al Waduud, Al Waalii, Al Mu`izz, Al Afuww). For greater clarity, I will explain as follows;

1) Al Muqsith المقسط The Most Balanced.

Allah never burdens one party with another, and Allah does not lighten one party with another, rich and poor, the position of king and slave, all are considered the same.

2) An Nafii` النافع The Most Beneficial.

It is said that He is the one who gives benefits, Allah created everything on this earth to provide benefits to His creatures.

3) Al Waarits الوارث The Almighty Heir.

In human life, Allah not only inherits property, land/region (QS, Al-Ahzab 33.27) but also the Qur'an (Qs. Al-Fatir 35.32) and even with His permission someone can inherit knowledge (An-Naml 27.16) the important thing is to inherit heaven (Qs. Maryam 19.19).

4) Ar Raafi` الرافع The Most Exalted (creatures).

Even though we have fallen, He can raise us up again, even though we have reached a low point, He can raise us up again. Because there is nothing impossible for God to do.

5) Al Baasith الباسط The Most Expanding (creatures).

When we are faced with life's problems, it seems as if the days we face are quite long, when we experience a disaster, it is as if we are pessimistic about getting through it and don't want to let it go. But when we are aware, He (Allah) is the One who expands everything, He is the one who expands our souls, who enlarges our hearts and increases our awareness. Because Allah is Most Gracious and Merciful to His servants.

6) Al Hafizh الحفيظ The Most Caring.

He is so great that He can care for everything, without favoritism, a small human being with a narrow outlook cannot love everyone. Man also cannot be called the preserver. At best, we only care for our own family and that is because of His will. Without His grace we can do nothing. As the custodian and preserve of our wise qualities. He provides for our physical needs, he also fulfills our spiritual needs. When weak, He is the source of strength, because He is the one who gives strength (al-Muqit). [2]

7) Al Waduud الودود The Most Merciful.

Imam Al-Ghazali said that the word Wadud is closer to the meaning of mercy, but mercy refers to goodness towards those who are pitied, while the people who are pitied are people who are in need and people who are in difficulty. Ar-Rahim's actions require that the person he loves is weak, whereas Al-Wadud's actions are not like that. Because, Allah gives mercy to whom He wills, including believers, disobedient people, strong people and weak people. But His mercy is special for believers, because they are people who are loved by Allah and they are the ones who specifically receive His mercy in addition to the grace they have received.

8) Al Walii الولي Al-Waliy, the Most Protective

Our friends in this world cannot protect us, today they will not protect us tomorrow, today they are friends, they may turn into enemies tomorrow, even when there is a disaster they are not able to help us, They are not our true friends, they are just friends for us, because only Allah can protect us anytime and anywhere, because His protection is not limited by time and space.

9) Al Mu`izz المعز The Most Glorifying (His creatures).

It is said that Al-Mu'izz is the Essence who gives glory to the servants He wishes, while Al-Mudzill is the Essence who subdues those He wishes by humiliating them. But don't forget that behind the withdrawal there is God's mercy, He wants to increase our awareness and lowering our level is a means to achieve what He wants. Only awareness can save us, and He wants us to be saved, therefore never doubt His wisdom, whatever He does to make us aware. Because He glorifies (His creatures). [3]

10) Al-Afuww العفو The Most Forgiving.

Al Afuww is the One who removes all evil and forgives those who have committed sins. This word of al-Afuww is close to the meaning of Al-Ghafur , but it is more perfect. Because, Al-Ghafur is as-sitr (concealing), while Al-Afuww is al-mahwu (eliminating).

It is said that the angels who are tasked with recording human deeds present their deeds on the Day of Resurrection, then they see that most of the charity sheets have been erased, even though they know what they contain. Then they realized that Allah had intended good for that person. Allah's Word: "And He is the One who accepts repentance from His servants and forgives mistakes..." (QS. Ash-Shura: 25).

B. Kebenaran tanda-tanda kebesaran Allah melalui 10 Asmaul Husna (Al Muqsith, An Nafii`, Al Waarist, Ar Raafi`, Al Baasith, Al Hafizh, Al Waduud, Al Waalii, Al Mu`izz, Al Afuww).

How noble are the teachings of Rasulullah who with his words taught us about the greatness and majesty of Allah SWT. There are so many natural events and miracles that appear as proof of His greatness. Hopefully the greatness that Allah shows us will always make us closer to Him. The following are some of the greatness of Allah summarized in the 10 Asmaul Husna,
Al Muqsith المقسط The Most Balanced.

We have seen many rich people become poor, and vice versa poor people become rich, or someone's rank is suddenly removed, while people have no desire to get a rank, instead they are promoted, this is what actually happens in around us, because He is the One who takes the rights of those who are persecuted from those who persecute them. His perfection is by making the persecuted person accept the actions of the person who persecuted him. This is the peak of impartial justice, and cannot be done except by Allah SWT.
An Nafii` النافع The Most Beneficial.

Don't we think that God created everything to meet our needs? Animals, plants, even all of God's creations in this universe, among plants there are many beneficial properties, so that they can be used as medicine to cure the diseases we suffer from, with His permission someone can also become a doctor who can cure his patients. And all of that would not have happened except with the greatness of Allah.
Al Waarits الوارث The Almighty Heir.

The oceans, the land where we set foot every day, the moon, stars and many more of His creations that we cannot count, Allah has inherited part of what He created for us, In human life Allah does not only inherit wealth, land /region (QS, Al-Ahzab 33.27) but also the Qur'an (Qs. Al-Fatir 35.32) even with His permission a person can inherit knowledge (An-Naml 27.16) the important thing is to inherit heaven (Qs. Maryam 19.19 ) . Those who look with the eyes of the heart always see the meaning of these verses and listen to them. They believe that the kingdom belongs to Allah alone, every day, every moment and every second, because that is He is eternal and eternal. This can be achieved by those who understand the nature of monotheism, and know that there is only one deed in the heavens and on earth. Having morals with this ism requires us to be heirs of what pious people have done, because the ulama are the heirs of the prophets.
Ar Raafi` الرافع The Most Exalted (creatures).

It is not impossible that God can resurrect people who have died. We have come across stories of people who have experienced near death. God has his own reasons why He gives them the opportunity to live again in this world. It sounds very unreasonable. but the reality does exist. And all of that is a form of the greatness of Allah SWT. Wallahua'lam.
Al Baasith الباسط The Most Expanding (creatures).

Allah will not give trials that exceed the limits of His servants' abilities, don't we feel that when we experience a disaster, it seems like we don't have any strength, we feel weak and down, but without realizing it, in the end we can get through it, really? This is the greatness of God that expands our hearts, our souls, and our patience. And have we realized that this is a form of Allah's greatness in His nature Al-Baasith?
Al Hafizh الحفيظ The Most Caring.

God is so great, that He can care for everything, without favoritism, small humans with narrow insight cannot love everyone. He gives our physical health, he also fulfills our spiritual needs. And when we are weak He is the source of strength,
Al Waduud الودود The Most Merciful.

Where there is difficulty, there will definitely be ease, where there is pain, there will definitely be happiness as promised, and Allah will replace something that is lost with something new and better, because Allah knows better what we need. That is the greatness of Allah in loving His servants.
Al Walii الولي Al-Walii, the Most Protective

Do we still remember the disasters that occurred several years ago? The tsunami earthquake that hit Aceh, the earthquake in Jogja, the Wasior earthquake, the Lapindo mudflow which is still active today. then why do some of them survive? Who else but Allah can protect them from this disaster, because of Allah they can survive, it is impossible without the power of Allah that they can save themselves, because of the greatness of Allah who is protective, they can survive, they can even breathe to this day. . And there is much more to God's greatness in the nature of Al-Walii which cannot possibly be described here.
Al Mu`izz المعز The Most Glorifying (His creatures).

Someone can go bankrupt from their business, on the other hand, someone can increase or make a profit from their business, there is even someone who only sells pecel rice, but he can go on a pilgrimage to Baitullah, and there are quite a few people who live with wealth but their lives are not happy, why is that? Because Allah elevates the status of those who are patient, because Allah elevates the status of those who are persecuted, nothing is impossible if Allah wills, these are some examples of Allah's greatness through His nature Al-Muizz. [4]
Al Afuww العفو The Most Forgiving.

Sometimes we don't want to forgive someone's bad deeds done to us, even though the deeds are nothing compared to our bad deeds to Allah, who often forgets them, maybe even worse, but Allah doesn't care about all that, whoever truly repents to him , then He will accept it. Don't we imagine that our bad deeds, no matter how small, will not be forgiven by God? Then what should we do? For this reason, it is a great thing from Allah if He can forgive all His servants who truly repent to Him. According to the Word of Allah:

"And it is He who accepts repentance from His servants and forgives mistakes..." (QS. Ash-Shura: 25).

C. The loss of 10 named Asmaul Husna, (Al `Aziiz, Al Ghafour, An Nafii`, Al Baasith, Ar Ra`uuf, Al Barri, Al `Adl, Al Ghaffaar, Al Fattaah, Al Qayyuum) in the world of life- hari.

As for faith, it includes three elements, namely, speech, determination in the heart and action with the limbs (acting), people who believe in Allah must be able to prove this faith in their life behavior as the practice of the 10 Asmaul Husna above are as follows:

1. Al-Aziz which means Almighty, Allah is all-powerful in all things, His might is unlimited, Allah is mighty in creating things according to His will, preserving or destroying things according to His will too. As for people who practice the characteristics of Al-Aziz, they will be strong, not weak, firm and firm in carrying out their obligations as servants of Allah, because temptation is always there. As for the Dalil naqli al-Aziz. [5] Qs. Al-Ankabut/29: 42

Indeed, Allah knows what they call upon for anything besides Him, and He is the Mighty, the Wise.

It means; “Indeed, Allah knows what they call to besides Allah. And He is All-Mighty, All-Wise.”

2. Al-Ghafuur which means Most Forgiving, People who practice this characteristic are always generous enough to be able to forgive other people who have made mistakes against them.

3. An-Nafii' which means the Most Beneficial, a person who practices this characteristic is clever at being grateful for the blessings and gifts of Allah received by utilizing these blessings in accordance with Islamic guidelines.

4. Al-baasith which means the Most Expanding, a person who practices this characteristic must be qana'ah towards his own fate, not angry with all the gifts given to other people, always realizing that Allah is the one who regulates human sustenance.

5. Ar-Rauuf which means Most Compassionate, and people who practice this quality in their daily lives are not greedy for the world because they are aware that something good does not necessarily bring blessings and benefits to them. The benefits and blessings of something only lie with Allah SWT.

6. Al-Barri which means Most Benevolent, People who practice this trait like to donate part of their wealth to help the poor and orphans, just as God donates to all His creatures. [6]

7. Al-Adl which means Most Just, then a person who practices this quality will definitely decide cases fairly in accordance with applicable law, not taking sides with anyone in deciding a case, justifying what is right and blaming what is wrong. As for the Proposition of naqli al'Adl, in the letter (Fushshilat/41:46)

Whoever does good, it is for his own soul, and whoever does evil, it is against it, and your Lord is not unjust to His servants.

It means:
Whoever does a righteous deed, the (reward) is for himself and whoever does an evil deed, the (sin) is for himself; and your Rabb will never mistreat His servants.

8. Al-Ghaffar, which means the Most Forgiving, and people who practice this quality will easily forgive other people's mistakes, even if that person does not apologize, let alone apologize. And Dalil naqli al-Ghaffar, (Qs. Thaha/20: 82)

And indeed, I am Forgiver of whoever repents and believes and does righteousness and then is guided.

It means:
And indeed I am Forgiving to those who repent, believe, do righteous deeds, and then remain on the right path.
Al-fattah which means the Opener/Allowing decision, God who decides whether his creatures will go to heaven or hell, and God who bestows Mercy on His people. So when a person enters who practices this trait, he will bow down and obey Allah SWT. Appropriate in the Naqli evidence, (Qs. Saba'/34: 26)

Say, “Our Lord will bring us together, then He will open between us with truth, and He is the Opener, the All-Knowing.”

Meaning: Say: “Our Lord will gather us all together, then He will judge between us correctly. And He is the All-Decisioner, the All-Knowing."

Al-Qayyum which means the One who Stands Alone. As for people who practice this characteristic, they show an independent attitude in carrying out this life. We are indeed social creatures who need each other, but these social relationships are not a reason to depend on other people. Social relationships must be maintained well, but an independent attitude needs to be instilled in life so that our lives do not become a burden on other people. The following is the naqli argument from the nature of Al-Qayyum, (Qs. Al-Baqarah/2: 255)

Allah, there is no god but He, the Ever-Living, the Ever-Subsisting. Neither year nor sleep can overtake Him. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth. Who is there who can intercede with Him except by His Throne knows what is before them and what is behind them, and they do not comprehend any of His knowledge except what He wills. His Throne encompasses the heavens and the earth, and it is not difficult for Him to preserve them. And He is the Most High, the Great

It means; “Allah, there is no God but He Who lives eternally and continually takes care; not sleepy and not sleeping. To Him belongs everything in the heavens and the earth. No one can intercede with Allah without His permission? Allah knows what is before them and behind them, and they know nothing from Allah's knowledge except what He wills. Allah's seat covers the heavens and the earth. And Allah does not find it difficult to look after both of them, and Allah is Most High, Most Great.

D. Exemplify the attributes of God contained in the 10 Asmaul Husna (Muqsith, An Nafii`, Al Waarist, Ar Raafi`, Al Baasith, Al Hafizh, Al Waduud, Al Waalii, Al Mu`izz, Al Afuww) in daily life -day.

A) AL Basith Al Baasith (The Most Expanding of His Creatures).

Following Al-Basith means that we have to expand our hearts by drawing closer and obeying Allah. When we remember and obey Allah, our hearts will always be at peace. (Qs Ar-Ra'd 13.28). Apart from that, we also have to broaden the hearts of other people, especially those we love, by making them happy, for example, if our relatives need help, then help as much as we can. And how the help we provide makes him happy. [7] Al ankabut 29.62.

B) Al Waarist (the most inherited)

Those who emulate this characteristic should have the ability to donate their inheritance to families who need it more. If this cannot be done, then don't let the inheritance ruin the family, and what's more, don't consume the inheritance that is not rightfully yours. This is something that Allah strictly condemns (Qs. Al-Fajr: 19). After that, he was required to adorn himself with the qualities that He detailed when explaining which of His creatures were the natural heirs of heaven (Qs. Al-Mu'minun: 1-11)

C) Al-Muizz (who glorifies His creatures)

We are aware that glory belongs to Allah, because if we want glory, then to imitate Him we must be obedient and obedient to Him, God will surely grant us glory. Apart from that, we also have to honor our parents because they are the most instrumental people in our lives, honor them by being filial to both parents, not occasionally hurting them, let alone being disobedient to them. And don't be lulled by times of pleasure and ease when all that happens by forgetting Allah in your pleasure and happiness, by becoming arrogant because you think that you are the cause of your success and security. So at that time we must remember another friend of faith, namely gratitude (syukr), because Allah loves those who are grateful.

D) AL-Hafizh (the most nurturing)

To emulate him we should be grateful to Allah SWT who has given thousands of pleasures to the world, including among them he created the forest also for our benefit, for that we should preserve it well and care for the environment, everything that God created has benefits, that's why we should take good care of it. [8]

E) Al-Walii (the all-protecting)

To emulate this trait can be done by not protecting and defending people who are wrong. Always ask for protection from Satan's temptations, dare to say no to saying things that are not good even if they hurt yourself or others.

F) An-Nafii` (The Most Beneficial).

This characteristic can be emulated by using our time effectively, and not wasting it. If we make the best use of our time then our life will be useful too. Apart from being disciplined people, there are also many people who need it because we are seen as people who work hard. Because the best human being is to benefit others. But in your busy life, don't forget Him and always draw closer to Him. [9]

G) Al Muqsith (The Most Balanced).

This characteristic can be emulated by not differentiating between our brothers and sisters who are poor and rich, good and bad, we must respect and respect them because we are both creatures of God who cannot possibly live alone without someone else. .

H) Al Waduud (The Most Merciful).

This characteristic can be exemplified by sharing the good fortune we get with people who need it more, such as loving orphans and helping the poor. As a form of our gratitude to Allah who has given us sufficient sustenance, so that we can share it with others.

I) Ar Raafi` (The Most High of His creatures).

Emulating the nature of Ar-Raafi' can also be done by helping to solve a problem for a friend who needs our help, so that he doesn't feel down, and lightens his burden a little, as has been mentioned in the information above that humans cannot live alone. without any other pliers.

J) Al Afuww (The One Who Forgives all mistakes).

To emulate this trait, we can do it by forgiving small mistakes or big mistakes that someone has made towards us, although sometimes we are reluctant to forgive them because the mistakes they have made to us are too bad, but there is no harm if we learn little by little to forget. mistakes and think about positive things, then gradually we will get used to being easy to forgive. [10]



A. Conclusion

Allah has 99 beautiful names or better known as Al-Asma-ul-Husna. These names are a reflection of God's behavior towards His servants. Therefore, if we mention these names as a request, it will undoubtedly have a very big influence,
The recommendation to pray using Asmaul Husna has been reflected in the words of Allah: "Only Allah belongs to Asma-Ul Husna, so pray to Him by saying Asma-Ul Husna, and leave those who deviate from the truth in (mentioning) His names. Later they will get a reward for what they have done." (Surah Al-A'rof Verse 180).

In the nature of His Asmaul Husna, He has shown the greatness that makes sense to the unreasonable, everything can be desired by Him because God is Almighty over everything in this universe, so much generosity and favor is given to His servants without discrimination, He gives everything, because God is the Most Merciful, Most Generous and Most Preserving.

Therefore, as an obedient and obedient servant of God, we will always practice these qualities in our daily lives, as well as imitate them as a form of our love for God SWT. Wallahua'lam Bissawab.


o Krishna Anad, Asmaul Husna 99 Names of Allah for Modern People, 1999, Jakarta; Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

o Shaykh Al-Utsaimin Sholeh bin Muhammad, Ai-Qawa'idil Mutsla Understanding the Names and Attributes of Allah, 2003, Jogjakarta; Guidance Media

o Rahayu Suci. Thoifuri, Islamic Religious Education, High School, Class X, 2007, Jakarta; Ganesha Exact.

o Zaenal Damam Muhammad S. Makhfud Ahmad S. Reference Textbook for the Enrichment of Moral Faith, MTS Class VII Semester 2, 2008, Solo; CV. Sindunata.

o El-Bantanie Syafii Muhammad, The secret of the miracle of Asmaul Husna, 2009, Jakarta; PT. Wahyu Media.

source: Lathifah

Baca Artikel Terkait: