Rabu, 27 Desember 2023

Sixth Benefit: The obligation to ask Him for guidance

This is contained in the verse 'Ihdinas shirathal mustaqim'. Hidayah is a gift from Allah Ta'ala to the servants He chooses. Meanwhile, guidance consists of two types; knowledge guidance and charity guidance. And such guidance is needed by humans at every moment in their life journey. Every servant always needs this guidance as long as he is still alive in this world. Because of the great need for every servant to ask for guidance, Allah requires them to ask for it a minimum of seventeen times a day and night in prayer.

Ibnu Katsir, may God have mercy on him, said, "...If it wasn't for his great need to seek guidance at night and during the day, God Almighty would not have guided him to do that - asking for guidance every time he prays -. Because a servant truly in every moment and situation always needs help from God to be able to firmly follow the guidance and firmly stand on it, in order to continue to gain enlightenment, increase knowledge, and be able to continue to be on top of it. Because every servant does not control the benefit or harm for himself except to the extent that God wills. That is why Allah Ta'ala guided him to always ask for that guidance at every moment so that Allah would shower him with help, steadfastness and grace from Him." (Tafsir al-Qur'an al-'Azhim[1/39])

Shaykh Abdul Muhsin al-Abbad said, "This prayer contains the greatest demands of a servant, namely to receive guidance on the straight path. By following this path, a person will come out of darkness into light and will reap success in this world and the hereafter. The servant's need for this guidance is much greater than his need for food and drink. Because food and drink are only provisions for living his mortal life. Meanwhile, guidance towards the straight path is a provision for eternal and eternal life. This prayer also contains a request to be given steadfastness on the guidance that has been achieved and also contains a request to obtain additional guidance." (Min Kunuz al-Qur'an)

All praise is due to Allah who has shown us to the path of Islam. Because with this Islam, a servant will be able to enter heaven. Allah ta'ala says about the joy of the inhabitants of heaven,

And they said: Praise be to God who has guided us to this, and we would not have been guided had God not guided us. The messengers of our Lord have come with the truth.

“They say; All praise is only for Allah who has shown us to this paradise. We will not be guided if Allah does not guide us. Indeed, the messengers of our Lord have come with the truth.'" (QS. al-A'raaf: 43)

Allah Ta'ala says,

Indeed, as for those who disbelieved and died while they were disbelievers, the earth full of gold will not be accepted from any of them, even if he ransomed it. For them is a painful punishment, and they will have no reward. They insist

"Indeed those who disbelieve and die in a state of disbelief will never receive from them all the gold of the earth even if they use it to redeem the punishment, they deserve to receive a very painful punishment and there is not even a helper for them." (QS. Ali Imran: 91)

God also said,

Indeed, whoever associates anything with God, God has forbidden to him Paradise, and his abode is the Fire, and the wrongdoers will have no helpers.

"Indeed, whoever associates partners with God, God has forbidden paradise for him and his return is hell, and for the wrongdoers there is no helper." (QS. al-Ma'idah: 72)

Rasulullah shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallambersabda,

Only a Muslim soul will enter Paradise

"No one will enter heaven except a Muslim soul." (HR. Bukhari and Muslim from Abu Hurairahradhiyallahu’anhu)

In another narration, he said,

Only believers will enter Paradise

"None will enter heaven except those who believe." (HR. Muslim from Umar bin Khatthab radhiyallahu'anhu)

Hidayah is also not a trivial thing, but he is God's gift to His chosen servant. Allah Ta'ala says,

You do not guide whom you love, but God guides whom He wills, and He knows best those who are guided.

"Truly you will not be able to give guidance (taufik) to the person you love, but it is Allah who gives guidance to whomever He wills, and He knows best who is destined to receive guidance." (QS. al-Qashash: 56)

al-Musayyab, may God be pleased with him, said,

When Abu Talib died, the Messenger of God, may God bless him and grant him peace, came to him and found Abu Jahl and Abdullah bin Abi Umayyah bin Al-Mughirah with him. Then the Messenger of God, may God bless him and grant him peace, said, “O uncle, say, ‘There is no god but God,’ a word by which I bear witness for you before God.” Abu Jahl and Abdullah bin Abi said. Umayyad, O Abu Talib, do you renounce the religion of Abdul Muttalib? The Messenger of God, may God bless him and grant him peace, continued to present it to him and repeat that article to him. Until Abu Talib said the last thing he spoke to them, he was following the religion of Abdul Muttalib and he refused to say there is no god but Allah.

"When death approached Abu Talib, the Messenger of Allah, may God's prayers and peace be upon him, came to meet him and it turned out that there were Abu Jahl and Abdullah bin Abi Umayyah bin al-Mughirah by his side. The Messenger of Allah, may God bless him and grant him peace, said; 'O my uncle, say la ilaha illallah, a sentence that I will use to testify for you before God'. So Abu Jahl and Abdullah bin Abi Umayyah said; 'O Abu Talib, do you hate the religion of Abdul Muthallib -your father-?' Rasulullah sallallahu 'alaihi wa sallam continued to offer and repeat his invitation, until finally Abu Talib said his last words to them that he remained above the religion of Abdul Mutallib. He refused to say la ilaha illallah..." (HR. Muslim)

Seventh Benefit: Obligation to follow the Messenger and his companions

This is contained in the verse 'Shirathalladzina an'amta 'alaihim'. The path of those who receive pleasure from Allah, namely the path of the prophets, the siddiq people, the martyrs' and the pious people. Allah Ta'ala says,

And whoever obeys God and the Messenger, those are with those upon whom God has bestowed blessings, of the prophets, the truthful, the martyrs, and the righteous, and those are good companions.

"Whoever obeys Allah and the Messenger, then these are the people who will be with those whom Allah gives blessings, namely the prophets, the siddiq, the martyrs', and the righteous. And they are the best of friends." (QS. an-Nisaa': 69)

Allah Ta'ala also said,

And whoever opposes the Messenger after guidance has become clear to him, and follows other than the path of the believers, We will give him what he has turned, and We will send him into Hell, and what an evil destination.

"Whoever opposes the Messenger after the guidance is clear to him and he also follows other than the path of the believers, We will leave him stranded in the error of his choice and We will put him in Jahannam, and indeed Jahannam is the worst of places to return to. "(QS. an-Nisaa': 115)

Allah Ta'ala says,

It is not for a believing man or a believing woman, when God and His Messenger have decided a matter, to have any choice over their matter, and whoever disobeys God and His Messenger has indeed gone astray. Clearly

"It is not appropriate for a believer, male or female, when Allah and His Messenger have determined a matter and then there is still for them other options in facing their problems. Whoever is disobedient to Allah and His Messenger, then indeed he has gone astray in a very obvious way." (QS. al-Ahzab: 36)

Rasulullah shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallambersabda,

All of my nation will enter Paradise except those who refuse. They said, O Messenger of God, and whoever refuses. They said, “Whoever obeys me will enter Paradise, and whoever disobeys me has refused.”

"All my people will enter heaven except those who refuse." So the companionsasked, 'Who is the person who refuses, O Messenger of Allah?' He replied, "Whoever obeys me will enter heaven and whoever disobeys me will be the one who refuses." (HR. Bukhari from Abu Hurairahradhiyallahu'anhu)

Rasulullah sallallahu 'alaihi wa sallam also ordered,

For whoever of you lives after me will see much disagreement, so you must adhere to my Sunnah and the Sunnah of the Caliphs, the Rightly Guided, adhere to it and bite upon it with the light Take care and beware of newly invented matters, for every newly invented matter is an innovation and every innovation is an error.

"Indeed, whoever among you is alive after me, he will surely see many disputes. So it is obligatory for you to keep following my Sunnah/teachings and the Sunnah of the caliphs who are above guidance and guidance. Hold fast to it, and bite it with your molars. Stay away from the things that are made up -in religion-, because in fact everything that is made up -in religion- is heresy and every heresy is bound to go astray." (HR. Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi, and Ibnu Majah, from Irbadh bin Sariyah, may God be pleased with him, authenticated by al-Albani in Sahih at-Targhib wa at-Tarhib [37])

This is the straight path, which is to follow the understanding of the Messenger of Allah, may God bless him and grant him peace, in terms of knowledge and practice. Allah Ta'ala says,

And the first forerunners of the Muhajireen and Ansar and those who followed them in righteousness, may God be pleased with them and they are pleased with Him, and prepared for them gardens flowing These rivers to abide therein forever. That is the great victory.

"Those who were the first and foremost -defended Islam- from among the Muhajirin and Ansar and also those who followed them well, then Allah was pleased with them and they were pleased with Him. God prepared for them heavens under which rivers flow, they will remain in them forever, that is a very great fortune." (QS. at-Taubah: 100)

Eighth Benefit: Obligation to practice knowledge

This is contained in the section of the verse 'Ghairil maghdhubi 'alaihim'. The person who is angered is the person who knows the truth but does not want to practice it. As were the Jews and those who followed them. Shaykh Abdurrahman bin Naashir as-Sa'di, may God have mercy on him, said, "(Shirathal Mustaqim) is a bright path that will lead a servant to God and enter His Paradise. The essence of the path is knowing the truth and practicing it..." (Taisir Karimir Rahman, p. 39). So that the straight path requires a Muslim to practice knowledge.

Shaykh Abdul Muhsin said, "Guidance to the straight path will lead to the path of those who are given pleasure, namely the prophets, the siddiq people, the martyrs', and the pious people. They are people who combine knowledge with charity. So a servant asks his Lord to bestow guidance towards this straight path which is a glorification from Allah to His messengers and His saints. He asked Allah to keep him away from the path of His enemies, namely those who have knowledge but do not put it into practice. They are the Jews who are angry." (Min Kunuz al-Qur'an)

Shaykh Abdullah bin Salih Al Fauzanhafizhahullah said,
"It should be remembered that a person who does not do charity with his knowledge, then his knowledge will later become the evidence that brings him down. This is as found in the hadith of Abu Barzahradhiyallahu'anhu, that the Messenger of Allah, may God bless him and grant him peace, once said, "The soles of a servant's feet will not move on the Day of Resurrection until he is asked about four things, among them is about his knowledge, what he has practiced. ”(HR. Tirmidhi 2341)

This does not apply only to ulama, as some people think. However, everyone who knows about a religious matter means that he has established proof of it. If someone learns a lesson from a recitation or Friday sermon in which he receives a warning about a sin he has committed so that he knows that the sin he committed is haram, then this is also knowledge. So that the proof is also established by what he heard. And there is an authentic hadith from Abu Musa al-Ash'ari radhiyallahu 'anhu that Rasulullah sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said,

The Qur’an is a proof for you or against you.

"The Qur'an is a proof for you or a proof to bring yourself down" (HR. Muslim)" (Hushulul Ma'mul, p. 18)

Shaykh Abdurrahman bin Qasimrahimahullah said, "Charity is the fruit of knowledge. Knowledge exists in order to achieve something else. Knowledge is likened to a tree, while practice is like its fruit. So after knowing the teachingsof the Islamic religion one should join it with practice. Because a person who has knowledge but does not act with it is worse off than a fool. In the hadith it is mentioned, "The person whose punishment is the most severe is a person who is knowledgeable and is not benefited by God because of his knowledge." This kind of person is one of the three people who are used as the first fuel for the flames of hell. In a poem it is said,

Pious people who don't want to
Practicing his knowledge
They will be tortured before
He tormented the idolaters
(Hasyiyah Tsalatsatul Ushul, hal. 12)

Ibn Katsir, may God have mercy on him, in his book of interpretation when discussing the words of Allah Ta'ala (which means), "O you who believe, most of the priests and monks really eat people's wealth in a false way and turn people away from the path of God .” (QS. at-Taubah: 34) quotes the speech of Sufyan bin Uyainah who said, "Those who are corrupted among the learned among us, there is a resemblance to Jews. And those who are corrupt among the worshipers among us, there is a resemblance to Christians." (Min Kunuz al-Qur'an)

Ninth Benefit: Obligation to worship above knowledge

This is contained in the verse 'wa lad dhaallin'. The misguided people are those who get closer to God but in a wrong way, like the Christians. Allah Ta'ala says,

Know that there is no god but God, and ask forgiveness for your sin.

"Know that there is no true worship except Allah, and ask forgiveness for your sins." (QS. Muhammad: 19)

Knowledge is the basis of speech and action. Because of this, Imam Bukhari, may God bless him and grant him peace, made a chapter in his Sahih Book with the title "Ilmu qablal qaul wal 'amal" (Knowledge before speech and action). Allah Ta'ala says,

And do not ignore that of which you have no knowledge, for hearing, sight, and the heart are all of these for which He will be questioned.

"Do not follow anything that you do not have knowledge about, indeed hearing, sight and heart, all of them will definitely be held accountable." (QS. al-Israa': 36)

Rasulullah shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallambersabda,

Whoever God desires good for, He will make him understand the religion.

"Whoever Allah wishes well will be understood in matters of religion." (HR. Bukhari and Muslim from Mu'awiyah radhiyallahu'anhu)

Ibnul Qayyim, may Allah have mercy on him, said, "Indeed, all the qualities that caused a servant to be praised by Allah in the Qur'an are all the fruits and results of knowledge. And all the reproaches mentioned by Him are all sourced from ignorance and its consequences..." (al-'Ilmu Fadhluhu wa Syarafuhu, p. 128). He also asserted, "There is no doubt that ignorance is the root of all corruption. All the dangers that befall humans in this world and in the hereafter are the result of ignorance..." (al-'Ilmu Fadhluhu wa Syarafuhu, p. 101)

Shaykh Muhammad al-Amin as-Syinqithi said in his book Adhwa'ul Bayan (1/53), "The Jews and Christians - although in fact they are both misguided and equally angry - it's just that the anger is more specific to Jews - although Christians are also included in them - because they already know the truth but instead deny it, and deliberately commit falsehood. That's why wrath is more likely to be attached to them. As for Christians, they are stupid and do not know the truth, so error is their more prominent characteristic. Even so, Allah stated that 'al magdhubi 'alaihim' were the Jews through His ta'ala's words about them (which means), "So they returned with reaping wrath upon wrath." (QS. al-Baqarah: 90). Likewise Allah says about them (which means), “Say; Shall I inform you about a group of people whose reward is worse in the sight of Allah, namely those whom Allah curses and is angry with Him." (QS. al-Ma'idah: 60). Likewise, His words (which means), "Indeed, those who make the statue of the cow as an idol will surely receive wrath." (QS. al-A'raaf: 152). Meanwhile, the 'adh dhaalliin' group has explained that they are Christians through His word ta'ala (which means), "And do not follow the desires of a people who have gone astray, and they have misled many people, indeed they have strayed from the straight path.” (QS. al-Ma'idah: 77)"

Hope this short article is useful. Wa shallallahu 'ala Nabiyyina Muhammad wa 'ala alihi wa sallam. Walhamdulillahi Rabbil 'alamin.

Yogyakarta, Monday 9 Jumadil Ula 1430 H

A poor servant of his Lord
May God forgive him, both his parents
and all Muslims


Author: Abu Mushlih Ari Wahyudi

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