Minggu, 15 Januari 2023

14 of the newest wonders in the world that we may not know about

1. Banaue Rice Terraces in the Philippines
From this picture it looks amazing, yes, ancient irrigated rice fields that are 2000 years old. Located on the Ifugao mountain in the Philippines, it is known as the Banaue Rice Terraces. Not grandiose, but the Philippines would be quite satisfied if the Banaue Rice Terraces were placed as the "Eighth Wonder of the World".
It is estimated that the rice fields which are 'carved' on Mount Ifugo were made with very traditional tools by the ancestors of the Filipino people. The rice terraces are located at 1,500 meters above sea level and surround the mountainside for 10,360 square kilometers.
Remarkably, the ancestors had arranged in such a way to irrigate the rice fields from the forest that was above the rice fields. Local residents to this day still grow starch as well as vegetables in the fields.
Erosion is one of the threats to the existence of this ancient rice field. Therefore, the government as well as local residents are very concerned about this, maintenance and reconstruction are carried out continuously, to maintain its sustainability.
2. Sigiriya in Sri Lanka
These are the remains of an ancient palace located on a rocky hill. Sigiriya or the Lion Rock, as it is called. Located in Matale District, Sri Lanka, surrounded by forests, reservoirs and gardens. Its unique location, coupled with amazing views, makes Sigiriya a lot of tourists visit. Looking from the air, Sigiriya is like an ancient painting reminiscent of the Ajanta Caves in India.
Sigiriya was built during the reign of King Kassapa I who reigned from 477-495 AD. This place is one of the seven ancient heritage owned by Sri Lanka. Allegedly, Sirigiya was inhabited since prehistoric times. Then, in the 5th century BC, this place was used as a monastery.

3. Tower of Hercules in Spain
The Tower of Hercules is an ancient Roman lighthouse located on a peninsula, about 2.4 kilometers (1.5 miles) from the center of Corunna, Galicia, northwestern Spain. The name Corunna comes from an ancient column. This tower is 55 meters high overlooking the North Atlantic coast, Spain. Hercules lighthouse is 1900 years old, a Roman heritage which is still operating today. It is said that this tower is 1900 years old, rehabilitated in 1791. This is a Roman heritage lighthouse which is still functioning today.

4. Toru, an Ancient City in Northern Poland that Still Exists
Toru is a city in northern Poland, on the Vistula River to be exact. This is an ancient city that has existed since 1100 BC which still exists today. This city is the hometown of Nicolaus Copernicus (An astronomer, mathematician, and economist. His famous theory is that the sun is the center of the Solar System, overturning the traditional geocentric theory—which places the Earth at the center of the universe—is considered one of the most important discoveries of all time, and is the fundamental starting point for modern astronomy and modern science.
This theory led to a scientific revolution) Torun the ancient city in Poland still exists today. It is suspected that this city existed in 1100 BC Toru became the forerunner of the first settlement in the area, it is estimated that it has existed since 1100 BC. The city flourished in the Middle Ages, namely the 7th to 13th centuries. Then the Teutonic Knights built a fortress around the settlement, between 1230-31. In 1263, Franciscan monks settled in the area following Dominica in 1239.
The city is growing with the construction of a new town near Toru. Both of these cities developed into important trading centers during the Middle Ages.
If you look at this portrait, it's really interesting. This place has always been visited by many. In the past it was because it was a trading city, now it is a tourist city full of past history.
5. Ajanta Caves in India
Ajanta Caves in Maharashtra, one of the many ancient remains in India. What's amazing is that in this cave there are many paintings as well as Buddha statues of high artistic value. It is estimated that the monuments in this cave began to be worked on in the 2nd century BC.
But this cave at Ajanta was later abandoned. For 1300 years this cave was abandoned, on the outside, thickets grew tall, eventually becoming a forest which automatically hid the existence of this cave. No one ever knew that there was an extraordinary 'world heritage' stored there. Until finally in the spring of 1819 a British officer, accidentally entered a steep canyon.
The deeper he went in there, and he was very surprised because he found a hidden door in one of the caves. This is the first human visit after thousands of years. When the cave was found it was just a 'home' for birds and bats and other animals. Captain Smith then conducted the first exploration to find out the 'contents' of the mysterious cave. Captain Smith's name is known because he wrote his name on the cave wall and the year he arrived. He wrote, "Captain Smith, April 1819".
6. Valley of Flowers in the Himalayas
Valley of Flowers is a valley that is high in the Himalayas. Climbers as well as botanists describe the valley as extraordinarily beautiful, having existed for more than a century, even in Hindu mythology, depictions of the existence of this valley have existed since ancient times.
Soft expanses, meadows interspersed with colorful flowers, very beautiful and almost suffocating to look at it. The beautiful flower valley is complete with a mountain and forest background. This flower valley was declared a national park (Nanda Devi National Park) in 1982. The local people know of the existence of this flower valley, they believe that the place is inhabited by fairies.
7. Metéora, Building on the Top of Rocky Mount Athos, Greece
Look at these pictures, surely you will be amazed. How can a castle can stand on top of a rocky mountain. You can imagine how difficult it is to build this castle, even though it is hundreds of years old. It is the largest and most important complex of Eastern Orthodox monasteries in Greece. To be precise, these monasteries were built on the rocky peaks of Athos.
There are six monasteries in this complex. Precisely located in the region of Thessaly, near the Pineios river, the northwestern edge of Central Greece . What 's interesting is that access to the monastery is very difficult. That said, it used to be

To reach the monastery, a long ladder or a kind of net is used to raise and lower goods, including humans. It takes the power of faith in order to reach this monastery.
8. Wonders of the World Grand Canyon
The Grand Canyon is a craggy gorge, carved by the Colorado River, in northern Arizona. This gorge is one of the Seven Wonders of the World and most of it is in Grand Canyon National Park; one of the first national parks in the United States. President Theodore Roosevelt was a major supporter of the Grand Canyon area, visiting it on several occasions to hunt mountain lions and enjoy the incredible natural scenery.
This gorge, created by the Colorado River cutting a strait over millions of years, is approximately 446 km long, ranging from 6 to 29 km wide and over 1,600 m deep. Nearly 2,000 million years of Earth's history were cut by the Colorado River and its tributaries layer upon layer of sediment as the Colorado Plateau began to uplift.

The Grand Canyon was first seen by a European in 1540, García López de Cárdenas from Spain. The first scientific expedition to the canyon was led by US Major John Wesley Powell in the late 1870s. Powell points to the exposed sedimentary rock in the ravine as "a leaf in the great storybook." However, long before that time, the area was inhabited by Native Americans who built dwellings in the cliff walls.
9. Wonders of the World Great Barrier Reef
The Great Barrier Reef is the world's largest collection of coral reefs consisting of approximately 3,000 reefs and 900 islands, which stretches for 2,600 km. This reef is located in the Coral Sea, off the coast of Queensland in northeastern Australia. Most of this reef area includes parts that are protected by the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park.
The Great Barrier Reef (KPB) can be seen from outer space and is sometimes referred to as the world's largest single organism. In fact, it is made up of millions of tiny organisms, known as coral polyps. KPB was selected as one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1981.
Its rich biodiversity, warm and clear waters, and the affordability of floating facilities called live aboards, make this reef a very popular tourism destination, especially for scuba divers. Many towns along the Queensland coast offer daily sea excursions to this reef. Several continental islands have also been converted into a resort.
10. Wonders of the World Mount Everest
Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world (as measured from sea level). The crest of the ridge marks the border between Nepal and Tibet; the crest is in Tibet. This mountain has a height of about 8,850 m. The mountain gets its English name from the name of Sir George Everest. This name was given by Sir Andrew Waugh, British Indian surveyor-general, successor of Everest. Mount Everest is one of the Seven Major Peaks in the world.

11. Wonders of the World Victoria Falls
Victoria Falls is one of the most spectacular waterfalls in the world. This waterfall is located on the Zambezi River, which currently forms the border between Zambia and Zimbabwe. The falls are approximately 1 mile (1.6 km) wide, and 128m (420ft) high.
David Livingstone, Scottish explorer, visited the lake in 1855 and named it after Queen Victoria, while the local name is Mosi-oa-Tunya, “roaring smoke.” This waterfall is part of two national parks, Mosi-oa-Tunya National Park in Zambia and Victoria Falls National Park in Zimbabwe, and is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site. This waterfall is a major tourist attraction in South Africa.

12. Wonders of the World Northern Lights
One of the wonders of the world is the Northern Lights or also known as the Aurora Borealis. This miracle of colorful light is formed by the interaction of the Earth's magnetic field with solar particles.

13. Wonders of the World Volcano Paricutín
Volcano Paricutín, is a volcano located in the state of Michoacan, Mexico. Before 1943 this volcano did not exist, but suddenly there was volcanic activity which caused the people around there to flee, the young mountain continued to increase in height, in a day it became 50 meters and at this time its activity could be said to have stopped, and the height of the mountain reached 336 meters.

14. Wonders of the World Port of Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro (meaning “River of January” in Portuguese) is the capital city of the State of Rio de Janeiro in southeastern Brazil. The city has an area of ​​1,256 km² and a population of around 6,150,000 million people (2004). About 10 million people live in the Greater Rio de Janeiro metropolitan area, which is currently the fourth largest city in the world.
The location of the port of Rio De Janeiro is very unique, namely right at the end of the river mouth between the confluence of the sea and the river, besides being a port city the city also has a very beautiful geographical location and scenery, Brazil was discovered and colonized by the Portuguese in 1565 so that culture, language, customs , also the food refers to the country of Portugal, namely because of the spiritual bond between the two countries.

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