Minggu, 15 Januari 2023

History and Background of the Asian-African Conference

The Asia–Africa Summit (abbreviated as the Asia-Africa Summit or KAA; sometimes also called the Bandung Conference) is a conference between Asian and African countries, most of which have recently gained independence. KAA was organized by Indonesia, Myanmar (formerly Burma), Sri Lanka (formerly Ceylon), India and Pakistan and coordinated by Indonesian Foreign Minister Sunario. This meeting took place between April 18-24, 1955, at Merdeka Building, Bandung, Indonesia with the aim of promoting Asian-African economic and cultural cooperation and fighting colonialism or neo-colonialism of the United States, Soviet Union, or other imperialist countries.

At that time, 29 countries representing more than half of the world's population sent their representatives. The conference reflected what they saw as the unwillingness of Western powers to consult them on decisions affecting Asia during the Cold War; their concerns about tensions between the People's Republic of China and the United States; their desire to lay the foundation for peaceful relations between China and them and the West; their opposition to colonialism, particularly French influence in North Africa and French colonial rule in Algeria; and Indonesia's desire to promote their rights in conflict with the Dutch over West Irian.

The ten points from this meeting were then included in the so-called Dasasila Bandung, which contained "statements regarding support for riots and world cooperation". The Ten Principles of Bandung include the principles in the UN Charter and the Nehru principles.

This conference eventually led to the formation of the Non-Aligned Movement in 1961.

The KAA pioneer

Ali Sastroamidjojo, Indonesia
Mohammad Ali Bogra, Pakistan
Jawaharlal Nehru, India
John Kotelawala, Sri Lank
U Nu, Myanmar

The aim of the KAA

The main objective is to create peace and peaceful life for nations in the Asia-Africa region. Other objectives:
Promote cooperation among Asian-African nations to develop common interests, friendship and good neighborly relations.

Consider the social, economic and cultural problems of member countries.
Considering the special problems of nations in Asia and Africa, such as national sovereignty, racialism and colonialism.
Reviewing the position of Asia Africa and its people in this world, as well as its contribution to peace and cooperation in the world.

The main points of discussion in the KAA
are efforts to increase cooperation in the economic, social, cultural and human rights fields.
Right to self-determination.
Racism (difference in skin color).
International cooperation.
The problem of the peoples who are still colonized in North Africa.
West Irian problem.

Implementation of KAA
cooperation Economic cooperation.
Cultural cooperation.
Human rights and the right to self-determination.
The problem of countries that are not yet independent.
Enhanced global cooperation.

August 23, 1953 - Prime Minister Ali Sastroamidjojo (Indonesia) in the Provisional People's Representative Council proposed the need for cooperation between countries in Asia and Africa in world peace.
25 April–2 May 1954 - Colombo Trials in Sri Lanka takes place. Present at the meeting were leaders from India, Pakistan, Burma (now Myanmar), and Indonesia. In this conference Indonesia proposed the need for an Asian-African Conference.

28–29 December 1954 - To finalize ideas on the issues of the Asian-African Conference, the Bogor Session was held. In this trial, the objectives of the trial were formulated in more detail, as well as who would be invited.
18–24 April 1955 - The Asian-African Conference took place at Gedung Merdeka, Bandung. This trial was inaugurated by President Soekarno and chaired by PM Ali Sastroamidjojo. The result of this trial was in the form of an agreement known as the Ten Principles of Bandung.
Second meeting (2005)

To commemorate fifty years since the historic meeting, the Heads of State of Asian and African countries have been invited to attend a new meeting in Bandung and Jakarta between 19-24 April 2005. Part of the meeting was held at Gedung Merdeka, the location of the old meeting in 50 years ago. UN Secretary General Kofi Annan also attended

in this meeting. The 2005 Asia–Africa Summit resulted in the NAASP (New Asian-African Strategic Partnership), which is expected to lead Asia and Africa towards a better future based on collective self-dependence and to ensure an international environment for interests of the peoples of Asia and Africa.

Third Meeting (2015)

72 Countries Make Sure to Attend the 60th KAA Commemoration

Regarding the certainty of heads of state who will attend the KAA, so far there have been 72 heads of state who have stated their readiness to attend the KAA. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs confirmed that 72 countries had confirmed its presence. The 60th KAA will be held in 2 cities, namely Jakarta on April 19-23 and Bandung on April 24. The KAA agenda includes the "Asia-Africa Business Summit" and "Asia-Africa Carnival". The theme that Indonesia will bring to the event which will be attended by 109 state leaders and 25 international organizations is increasing cooperation with countries in the South, prosperity and peace.

According to information, out of 109 countries, 17 observers were invited, until a few days ago it was stated that 85 countries participated. There were 24 heads of state who confirmed their presence. However, more complete content is at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. North Korean leader Kim Jong-un was rumored to be attending the Asian-African Conference (KAA). This was previously reported on yonhap.kr.co, Sunday, January 25. If the attendance does occur, it will be the first time the North Korean leader has attended an international meeting. Since he took over the North Korean government in 2011, there have been no official reports of Kim Jong-un's foreign travels. But earlier it was reported that the Ambassador of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK/North Korea) to Indonesia, Ri Jong Ryul, denied the arrival information. Supreme Leader'. He said it was the President of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly of the DPRK, Kim Yong-nam, who would come to the country, not Kim Jong-un. If Kim Jong-un can attend the 60th KAA, then this is a new history.

Indonesia Gains Declaration of Support for Free Palestine

Soon this year's Asian-African Conference (KAA) international scale event will be held. Invitations for several related countries have also been sent. The person in charge of the National Committee for the 60th Anniversary of the Asian-African Conference (KAA) Luhut Pandjaitan said, out of 109 countries in Asia and Africa, not all of them support Palestinian independence. Therefore, the Government of Indonesia will encourage KAA participants who are present to support the declaration. The Indonesian government's support for Palestine as an independent state will be realized in the implementation of the Asian-African Conference (KAA). Indonesia will put together a declaration of full support. Until now the draft support for an independent Palestine is still being discussed by Indonesian representatives in New York. But that was a proposal from the Indonesian government and that was the president's promise. Our Ministry of Foreign Affairs is still lobbying it. Hopefully we can achieve this." As a country with a majority Muslim population, Indonesia has an important meaning for Palestine. Like Jokowi's commitment from the start as president, the Indonesian government will continue to push for this declaration, so that Palestine becomes an independent country and becomes a member of the United Nations. " And that, I think, is very important for us to push for Palestinian independence and full support for Palestine to enter the United Nations," said Luhut.) This, supporting the independence of a nation, has been Indonesia's commitment since its proclamation as stated in the opening of the 1945 Constitution. for Palestine to become an independent state and become a member of the United Nations. "And that, I think, is very important for us to push for Palestinian independence and full support for Palestine to enter the United Nations," said Luhut. . for Palestine to become an independent state and become a member of the United Nations. "And that, I think, is very important for us to push for Palestinian independence and full support for Palestine to enter the United Nations," said Luhut. .

King of Jordan Will Discuss Understanding of Islam

One of those who have received an invitation and stated that they want to attend the event which will be held in Jakarta and Bandung on April 22-24 is Jordan. But the certainty of the presence of the King of Jordan, Abdullah II cannot be ascertained. Still need to wait for confirmation from the royal protocol. This was conveyed by King Abdullah II to the Special Envoy of the President of the Republic of Indonesia, Alwi Shihab, at the Hussainiya Palace, Amman, Jordan, Wednesday 18 March 2015. At the meeting, the King of Jordan and the Special Envoy of the President of the Republic of Indonesia also discussed various important issues in the areas of concern together. One issue that has surfaced is the importance of developing moderate Islamic thought and understanding among Muslims. "


Afghanistan, Saudi Arabia, Burma, Ceylon, People's Republic of China, Ethiopia, India, Indonesia, Iraq, Iran, Japan, Cambodia, Laos, Lebanon, Liberia, Libya, Egypt, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Cyprus, Sudan, Syria, Thailand, Turkey, Democratic Republic of Vietnam, State of Vietnam (Republic of Vietnam), Mutawakkilīyah Kingdom of Yemen, Jordan.

Cyprus, which was not yet independent and was still under colonialism, was represented by a figure who later became its first president, Makarios III.

Baca Artikel Terkait: