Rabu, 11 Januari 2023

 The Asyanti (or Asante) Empire (or Confederation), also known as Asanteman (1701–1957), was a sovereign state in West Africa with ethnic Akan people from Ashanti, Brong-Ahafo, Central Region, Eastern Region, Greater Accra Region and Western Region, currently in southern Ghana. The Ashanti (or Asantefo) people originate from the Akan people. They are a strict and highly disciplined people in West Africa who inhabit the area known as "the land of Akan". They used military might, derived from effective strategy and the adoption of European firearms, to create an empire that stretched from central Ghana to modern Benin and Ivory Coast, bordered by the Kingdom of Dagomba to the north and Dahomey to the east. Due to its military power, wealth, architecture, complex hierarchies, and culture, the Ashanti Empire is often studied and has one of the largest historiography by European, especially British, sources of any indigenous political entity in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Since the 17th century AD, the Asanteman king Osei Tutu (c.  1695 – 1717), together with Okomfo Anokye, founded the Asanteman Kingdom, with the Asante Golden Chair as a unifying symbol. Osei Tutu was involved in the massive expansion of the Asante region.

Ashanti flag

He built an army based on the introduction of new organizations and turned the disciplined and paramilitary royal troops into effective fighting machines. In 1701, Asanteman's forces conquered Denkyira, giving Asyantia access to the Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean coastal trade with Europeans, especially the Dutch. King Opoku Ware I (1720 – 1745) was involved in the continued expansion of the Akan area, and king Kusi Obodom (1750 – 1764) replaced king Opoku Ware I. King Asante Osei Kwadwo (1764 – 1777) implemented administrative reforms that enabled Asanteman to be managed effectively. King Osei Kwame Panyin (1777 – 1803), and King Osei Tutu Kwame (1804 – 1824) continued to consolidate the Asanteman area.

Ashanti Empire Territory

Asanteman is home to Lake Bosumtwi, the only natural lake in Ghana. The country's current economic income comes primarily from trade in gold, cocoa, kola nuts, and agriculture; forest clearing for planting cassava, maize and yam.

Today the Ashanti monarchy continues as a sub-nation state and a traditional state under Ghana which is protected by the constitution. Asanteman's current king is Otumfuo Osei Tutu II Asantehene.

source : https://id.wikibooks.org/wiki/Sejarah_Kekaisaran/Asyanti

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