History of Revolutionary Heroes and Their Life Biography

History of Revolutionary Heroes and Their Life Biography


1. General Ahmad Yani
Posthumous TNI General Ahmad Yani was born in Central Java, June 19, 1922 died at Crocodile Hole, Jakarta, October 1, 1965 at the age of 43 years. Was the commander of the Indonesian Army National Army, and was killed by members of the 30 September Movement. Ahmad Yani was born in Jenar Purworejo, Central Java on 19 June 1922 into the Wongsoredjo family, a family that worked in a sugar factory run by a Dutch owner. In 1927, Yani moved with his family to Batavia, where his father now worked for the Dutch General. In Batavia, Yani worked his way through primary and secondary education. In 1940, Yani left high school to undergo military service in the colonial government's Dutch East Indies army. He studied military topography in Malang, East Java, but this education was interrupted by the arrival of Japanese troops in 1942. At the same time, Yani and his family moved back to Central Java. In 1943, he joined the Japanese sponsored Peta (Defenders of the Homeland) army, and underwent further training at Magelang. After completing this training, Yani requested to be trained as a Peta platoon commander and was transferred to Bogor, West Java to receive training. When finished, he was sent back to Magelang as an instructor. Yani requested to be trained as a Peta platoon commander and transferred to Bogor, West Java to receive training. When finished, he was sent back to Magelang as an instructor. Yani requested to be trained as a Peta platoon commander and transferred to Bogor, West Java to receive training. When finished, he was sent back to Magelang as an instructor.
2. Lieutenant General R. Suprapto
Lieutenant General TNI Posthumous R. Suprapto was born in Central Java, June 20 1920. Died in Lubangbuaya Jakarta, October 1 1965 at the age of 45 years. Is a national hero of Indonesia. He was one of the victims in the G30SPKI and was buried at the Kalibata Heroes Cemetery, Jakarta. Suprapto, who was born in Purwokerto, is arguably almost the same age as Commander-in-Chief Sudirman. He was only four years younger than the Great Commander. His formal education after graduating from MULO (junior high school level) was AMS (senior high school level) Part B in Yogyakarta which he completed in 1941. Around that year the Dutch East Indies government declared a militia in connection with the outbreak of the Second World War. It was then that he entered military education at the Koninklijke Militaire Akademie in Bandung. He could not complete this education until he was finished because the Japanese troops had rushed to land in Indonesia. By the Japanese, he was captured and imprisoned, but then he managed to escape. After his escape from prison, he filled his time by taking courses at the Youth Training Center, body and mind training, and syuisyintai. And after that, he worked in the Community Education Office. At the beginning of independence, he was one of those who participated in the struggle and managed to seize weapons from the Japanese troops in Cilacap. After that, he later joined the People's Security Army in Purwokerto. That was the first time he officially entered the army, because before that, even though he had participated in the struggle against the Japanese army, such as in Cilacap,
3. Lieutenant General Haryono
Lieutenant General TNI Posthumous Mas Tirtodarmo Haryono was born in the city of Surabaya, East Java, January 20, 1924. Died in Crocodile Hole, Jakarta, October 1, 1965 at the age of 41 years. Was one of the heroes of the Indonesian revolution who was killed in the G30S PKI incident. Previously, Lt. Gen. Posthumous MT Haryono received his education at ELS (elementary school level) and then forwarded to HBS (general high school level). After graduating from HBS, he had entered Ika Dai Gakko (Medical School during the Japanese occupation) in Jakarta, but did not finish. When Indonesian independence was proclaimed, he, who was in Jakarta, immediately joined other youths to fight for independence. At the same time, he continued this struggle by joining the People's Security Army (TKR). At the start of his appointment, he earned the rank of Major. During the war to defend independence, namely between 1945 and 1950, he was often transferred. First of all he was placed in the Liaison Office, then as Secretary of the Indonesian Delegation in negotiations with the British and the Dutch. Once he was also appointed as Secretary of the State Defense Council and at another time as Permanent Representative to the Ministry of Defense for Armistice Affairs. And when the Round Table Conference (KMB) was held, he was the Secretary of the Indonesian Military Delegation. Once he was also appointed as Secretary of the State Defense Council and at another time as Permanent Representative to the Ministry of Defense for Armistice Affairs. And when the Round Table Conference (KMB) was held, he was the Secretary of the Indonesian Military Delegation. Once he was also appointed as Secretary of the State Defense Council and at another time as Permanent Representative to the Ministry of Defense for Armistice Affairs. And when the Round Table Conference (KMB) was held, he was the Secretary of the Indonesian Military Delegation.
4. Lieutenant General Siswondo Parman
Posthumous Lieutenant General TNI Siswondo Parman was born in Wonosobo, Central Java, August 4, 1918. Died in Lubang Buaya, Jakarta, October 1, 1965 at the age of 47 years. Siswondo Parman or better known as S. Parman is one of the heroes of the Indonesian revolution and Indonesian military figure. He died during the events of the September 30th Movement and was awarded the posthumous title of Lieutenant General. He was buried at TMP Kalibata, Jakarta. Parman was an intelligence officer, so he knew a lot about PKI activities. He was one of the officers who rejected the PKI's plan to form a Fifth Army consisting of workers and peasants. His rejection and his position as an intelligence official who knew a lot about the PKI made him the victim of being kidnapped by the Tjakrabirawa Regiment led by Serma Satar. It is suspected that his kidnapping was arranged by his own older brother, namely Ir. Sakirman who was a high-ranking official at the PKI CC Politburo at that time.
5. Major General Pandjaitan
Posthumous TNI Brigadier General Donald Isaac Panjaitan (born in North Sumatra, June 19, 1925. Died in Crocodile Hole, Jakarta, October 1, 1965 at the age of 40) was one of the heroes of the Indonesian revolution. He was buried at the Kalibata Heroes Cemetery, Jakarta. Formal education starts from Elementary School, then enters Junior High School, and finally at High School. When he graduated from high school, Indonesia was under Japanese occupation. So when he entered the military he had to take Gyugun training. After training, he was assigned as a Gyugun member in Pekanbaru, Riau until Indonesia proclaimed its independence. When Indonesia won independence, he and other youths formed the People's Security Army (TKR) which later became the TNI. At TKR, he was first assigned as a battalion commander, then became the Education Commander of the IX/Banteng Division in Bukittinggi in 1948. Then he became Chief of General Staff IV (Supplay) of the Sumatran Army Command. And when the Dutch Troops carried out their Second Military Aggression, he was appointed as the Leader of the Supplies for the Struggle of the Emergency Government of the Republic of Indonesia (PDRI). Along with the end of the Second Dutch Military Aggression, Indonesia also received recognition of sovereignty. Panjaitan himself was later appointed Chief of Staff for Army and Territory Operations (T&T) I Bukit Barisan in Medan. Then he was transferred again to Palembang to become Chief of Staff of T & T II / Sriwijaya. After attending the Military Attache (Milat) course in 1956, he was assigned as the Indonesian Military Attache in Bonn, West Germany. When his term of service ended as Military Attache, he returned to Indonesia. But not long after that, namely in 1962, this officer who had studied at the Associated Command and General Staff College, United States of America, was appointed Assistant IV to the Minister/Commander of the Army (Men/Pangad). This position

the last thing he carried when the G 30/S PKI incident occurred. When he served as Assistant IV to the Men/Army Commander, he made a special achievement for his success in uncovering the secrets of arms shipments from the People's Republic of China (PRC) to the PKI. From there it was known that the weapons were put in crates of building materials to be used in the construction of the Conefo (Conference of the New Emerging Forces) building. The weapons were needed by the PKI, which was actively preparing to launch an uprising.
6. Major General Sutoyo Siswomiharjo
Posthumously Major General TNI Sutoyo Siswomiharjo was born in Central Java, August 28, 1922. Died in Crocodile Hole, Jakarta, October 1, 1965 at the age of 43. was a high-ranking TNI-AD officer who was kidnapped and later killed during the events of the 30 September Movement in Indonesia. After the proclamation of Indonesian independence in 1945, Sutoyo joined the People's Security Army Police (TKR), the forerunner of the Indonesian National Armed Forces. This later became the Indonesian Military Police. In June 1946, he was appointed adjutant to Colonel Gatot Soebroto, commander of the Military Police. He steadily rose through the ranks within the Military Police, and in 1954 he became chief of staff at Military Police Headquarters. He held this position for two years before being appointed assistant military attache to the Indonesian embassy in London. After training at the Army Staff and Command College in Bandung from 1959 to 1960, he was appointed Army Inspector of Justice, then due to his legal experience, in 1961 he became judicial inspector/chief military prosecutor. In the early hours of 1 October 1965, members of the 30 September Movement led by Sergeant Major Surono entered Sutoyo's house on Jalan Sumenep, Menteng, Central Jakarta. They entered through the garage at the side of the house. They forced the maid to hand over the key, entered the house and said that Sutoyo had been summoned by President Soekarno. They then took him to their base at Crocodile Hole. There, he was killed and his body thrown into a disused well. Like the other comrades who were murdered, his body was found on 4 October and he was buried the next day. He was posthumously promoted to Major General and made a Hero of the Revolution.
7.Captain Pierre Tendean
Posthumous CZI Captain Pierre Andreas Tendean (21 February 1939 – 1 October 1965) died at the age of 26. was an Indonesian military officer who became one of the victims of the 30 September Movement in 1965. Starting his military career by becoming an intelligence officer and then appointed as adjutant to General Abdul Haris Nasution with the rank of first lieutenant, he was promoted to captain posthumously after his death. Tendean was buried at the Kalibata Heroes Cemetery and along with six other G30S victim officers, he was declared a Hero of the Indonesian Revolution on October 5, 1965. Pierre Andreas Tendean was born to Dr. AL Tendean, a doctor with Minahasa blood, and Cornet ME, an Indo woman with French blood, on 21 February 1939 in Batavia (now Jakarta), Dutch East Indies. Pierre was the second of three children; his brother and sister respectively named Mitze Farre and Rooswidiati. Tendean attended elementary school in Magelang, then continued his junior and senior high school studies in Semarang where his father served. Since childhood, he really wanted to be a soldier and enter a military academy, but his parents wanted him to become a doctor like his father or an engineer. Because of his strong determination, he managed to join the Army Engineering Academy (ATEKAD) in Bandung in 1958. On the morning of 1 October 1965, troops from the 30 September Movement (G30S) came to Nasution's house with the aim of kidnapping him. Tendean, who was sleeping in the back room of General Nasution's house, was awakened by the sound of gunshots and commotion and immediately ran to the front of the house. He was caught by the G30S mob who mistook him for Nasution because the house was dark. Nasution himself managed to escape by jumping over a fence. Tendean was then taken to a house in the Crocodile Hole area with six other high-ranking officers. He was shot dead and his body thrown into an old well with the bodies of six other officers.


8. AIP Karel Satsuit Tubun
Posthumously Adjunct Police Inspector Karel Satsuit Tubun (born in Southeast Maluku, October 14, 1928 - died in Jakarta, October 1, 1965 at the age of 36) was an Indonesian national hero who was one of the victims of the September 30 Movement in 1965. He was a bodyguard from J. Leimena. Karel Satsuit Tubun was born in Tual, Southeast Maluku on October 14, 1928. When he was an adult he decided to join the POLRI. He was also accepted, then attended Police Education. After graduating, he was placed in the Ambon Mobile Brigade Unit with the rank of Police Agent Class Two or now Bhayangkara Dua Police. He was also drawn to Jakarta and has the rank of First Class Police Agent or now Bhayangkara One Police. When Bung Karno announced the Trikora, which demanded that West Irian be returned to Indonesia from Dutch hands. Immediately a Military Operation was carried out, he also participated in the struggle. After West Irian was successfully returned, he was given the task of guarding the residence of the Deputy Prime Minister, Dr. J. Leimena in Jakarta. Gradually he rose to the rank of Police Brigadier. Because he considered the leadership of the Army as the main obstacle to his goals. So the PKI planned to kidnap and kill a number of army officers who were considered to be hindering its aspirations. One of the targets was General AH Nasution, who lived next door to Dr. J.Leimena. The movement started when he got the morning guard duty. So, he took himself to sleep. The kidnappers came they first locked up Dr.'s house guards. J.Leimena. Because he heard the noise, KS Tubun woke up with a gun and he tried to shoot the PKI gang. Unfortunately, the mob also shot him. Because he was not balanced, KS Tubun died instantly after the kidnapper's bullet penetrated his body.
9. Brigadier General Katamso Darmokusumo
Brigadier General Posthumously Katamso Darmokusumo (born in Sragen, Central Java, 5 February 1923 - died in Yogyakarta, 1 October 1965 at the age of 42) is one of Indonesia's national heroes. Katamso was one of the figures who were killed in the events of the September 30th Movement. He was buried at the Kusuma Negara Heroes Cemetery, Yogyakarta.
10. Colonel Sugiono
Posthumous Colonel R. Sugiyono Mangunwiyoto (born in Gedaren, Sumbergiri, Ponjong, Gunung Kidul, August 12, 1926 - died in Kentungan, Yogyakarta, October 1, 1965 at the age of 39) was an Indonesian hero who was a victim of the September 30th Movement. Cabbage. Sugiyono is married to Supriyati. They had six sons; R. Erry Guthomo (b. 1954), R. Agung Pramuji (b. 1956), R. Haryo Guritno (b. 1958), R. Danny Nugroho (b. 1960), R. Budi Winoto (b. 1962), and R. Ganis Priyono (b. 1963); and one daughter, Rr. Sugiarti Takarina (b. 1965), who was born after her father died. The name Sugiarti Takarina was given by President Sukarno. He was buried at TMP Semaki, Yogyakarta.


The biographies and photos of the revolutionary heroes above are quoted from Wikipedia