Jumat, 20 Januari 2023

The Origin of Lake Toba, Legend, and Complete History

As we know, Lake Toba is a volcanic lake where in the middle of this lake there is an island called Samosir Island . Lake Toba is one of the largest lakes in Southeast Asia which is located in Indonesia, precisely in North Sumatra Province. From the past until now, this lake has become an attractive tourist spot both domestically and abroad. Whereas the majority of the population around the Lake Toba area are Batak people with a source of livelihood as farmers, traders and fishermen. To find out more and clearly about the origins / ins and outs / history of Lake Toba, follow Awalmula.com from various sources regarding the history of Lake Toba and the folklore of the beginning of Lake Toba.

History of Lake Toba
It is estimated that Lake Toba occurred during an explosion around 73,000-75,000 years ago and is the most recent supervolcano eruption. Bill Rose and Craig Chesner from Michigan Technological University estimate that 2,800 km³ of volcanic material was spewed out by the mountain, with 800 km³ of ignimbrite rock and 2,000 km³ of volcanic ash which is thought to have been blown westward over 2 weeks. Wind-blown volcanic ash has spread to half the earth, from China to South Africa. The eruption occurred for 1 week and the ejection of dust reached 10 km above sea level.

This incident caused mass death and extinction of several species was also followed. According to some DNA evidence, this eruption also reduced the number of humans to about 60% of the total human population on earth at that time, which is about 60 million people. The eruption also contributed to the ice age, although experts are still debating this.

After the eruption, a caldera was formed which was then filled with water and became what is now known as Lake Toba. The upward pressure by the magma that had not yet come out caused the emergence of Samosir Island.

The international multidisciplinary research team, led by Dr. Michael Petraglia, revealed in a press conference in Oxford, United States of America that geologists had found quite spectacular new archaeological sites in southern and northern India. The site reveals how people survived, before and after the Toba supervolcano eruption 74,000 years ago, and evidence of the existence of life under the ashes of Mount Toba. Even though the source of the eruption was 3,000 miles away, from the distribution of the ashes.

For seven years, experts from Oxford University have been researching ecosystem projects in India, looking for evidence of life and the tools they leave behind in the desert. This area with an area of ​​​​thousands of hectares turned out to be just a savanna (grassland). While animal bones scattered. The team concluded that this fairly large area was covered in dust from ancient volcanic eruptions.
The spread of volcanic dust is very wide, found almost all over the world. Derived from an ancient supervolcano eruption, namely Mount Toba. Allegations lead to Mount Toba, because it was found evidence of the shape of the volcanic ash molecule in the same 2100 points. Since the crater caldera that is now Lake Toba in Indonesia, up to 3000 miles, from the source of the eruption. Even quite surprising, it turns out that the spread of dust was recorded up to the North Pole. This reminds experts how powerful the Toba super volcano eruption was at that time. The evidence found strengthens the allegation that the power of the eruption and sea waves had destroyed life in Atlantis. (Wikipedia


Folklore of the Beginning of Lake Toba
In Sumatra, there lived a farmer who was very diligent in working. He lived alone. Every day he worked tirelessly on lading and fishing. This is done to meet their daily needs.
One day the farmer went to the river near where he lived, he intended to find fish for today's side dish. Armed with only a hook, bait and fish rack, he headed straight for the river. Once when he got in the river, the farmer immediately threw the hook. While waiting for his hook to be eaten by fish, the farmer prayed, "O Allah, I hope I get lots of fish today." A few moments after praying, the hook he had thrown seemed to be wobbling. He immediately pulled the hook. The farmer was very happy, because the fish he got was very big and very beautiful.

After a while looking at the fish he caught, the farmer was very surprised. It turned out that the fish he caught could talk. "Please don't eat me sir!! Let me live”, shouted the fish. Without asking much, the fish he caught was immediately returned to the water again. After returning the fish to the water, the farmer was even more surprised, because suddenly the fish turned into a very beautiful woman.

"Don't be afraid sir, I won't hurt you," said the fish. “Who are you? Aren't you a fish?, Asked the farmer. "I am a princess who is cursed, for violating the rules of the kingdom," answered the woman. "Thank you for freeing me from that curse, and in return I am willing to make you your wife," said the woman. The farmer agreed. Then they become husband and wife. However, there is one promise that has been agreed upon, namely they cannot tell that the Princess's origins are from a fish. If the promise is broken there will be a terrible disaster.
After some time they were married, finally the happiness of the Farmer and his wife increased, because the Farmer's wife gave birth to a baby boy. Their son grew up to be a very handsome and strong boy, but there was a quirk that astonished everyone. The child is always hungry, and never feels full. All the food rations devoured without rest.

Until one day the farmer's son received an assignment from his mother to deliver food and drink to the fields where his father was working. But the task is not fulfilled. All the food that was supposed to be for his father was devoured, and after that he fell asleep in a hut. The farmer awaits the arrival of his son, while holding back his thirst and hunger. Because he could not stand hunger, he immediately went home. On the way home, the farmer saw his son sleeping in the hut. The farmer immediately woke him up. "Hey, wake up!, shouted the farmer.

After his son woke up, the farmer immediately asked his food. "Where is the food for dad?", Asked the farmer. "I've finished eating it," replied the child. In a high tone the farmer immediately scolded his son. "Children are not fortunate! Don't know yourself! You little fish!,” said the Farmer without realizing he had said the words of abstinence from his wife.
After the farmer said these words, immediately his wife and children disappeared without a trace. From the former stamping of his feet, suddenly bursts of water that is very heavy. The water overflows so high and wide that it forms a lake. And finally formed a lake. The lake was eventually known as Lake Toba.

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