Kamis, 28 Desember 2023

Alhamdulillah wash shalatu was salamu 'ala Rasulillah, amma ba'du, Knowing the virtues of the Messenger of Allah shallallahu 'alaihi wa sallam < a i=3>encouraging someone to love him, follow him and obey him, because he knows so many virtues and privileges that God has bestowed upon himshallallahu 'alaihi wa sallam, in the form of the beauty of his nature, his morals, his goodness to this people and all his virtues may Allah bless him and grant him peace the others.

Rasulullah sallallahu 'alaihi wa sallamis the most honorable messenger of Allah in the sight of Allah, he shallallahu 'alaihi wa sallam has a very high priority, which cannot be achieved by any other creature in this universe. Among his virtuessallallahu 'alaihi wa sallam are mentioned in the Qur'an and some are mentioned in the hadith. Some of his virtues sallallahu 'alaihi wa sallam which are found in the verses of the Qur'an are:

Rasulullah sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallamloved and loved his people very much

Allah Ta’ala berfirman,

Indeed there has come to you a messenger from among yourselves, dear to him is what you have suffered, anxious for you towards the believers, compassionate and merciful.

"Indeed there has come to you a Messenger from your own people, he felt your suffering, he wanted (goodness) for you, he was very compassionate and compassionate towards the believers." (At-Taubah:128)

Ibnu Katsir rahimahullah mengatakan,

His statement: {Dear to him is what you have made difficult for him} meaning: the thing that is difficult for his nation and difficult for it is dear to him...and in the Sahih it is: “Indeed, this religion is easy” and its entire law is easy, tolerant and perfect, easy for whomever God Almighty makes it easy for.

“And His word {عَزِيزٌ عَلَيْهِ مَا عَنِتُّمْ}, means that it is very heavy for him, something that burdens his people and makes things difficult for him and in the authentic Hadith , 'Indeed, this religion is easy', and His Shari'ah is all easy, easy and perfect, easy for people whom Allah Ta'ala makes easy."

Shaykh Abdur Rahman As-Sa'dirahimahullah said,

{He is keen on you} so He loves good for you, and strives with all His might to bring it to you, and is keen to guide you to faith, and hates evil for you, and strives with all His might to keep you away from it. And have mercy on them, be more merciful to them than their parents

For this reason, his right takes precedence over all other rights of creation, and it is obligatory for the nation to believe in him, venerate him, honor him, and revere him.

“{‏حَرِيصٌ عَلَيْكُمْ‏}, then he loves goodness for you and strives hard to convey goodness to you, and is eager to guide you to faith and hates the evil that befalls you, try hard to keep you away from him. ‏{‏بِالْمُؤْمِنِينَ رَءُوفٌ رَحِيمٌ‏}‏, means very compassionate and loving towards them, more than their own parents' love towards themselves. This is why his rights come first over the rights of all creatures, and it is the duty of this ummah to believe in him, glorify him, respect him and glorify him."

Rasulullah sallallahu 'alaihi wa sallamvery passionate about preaching and educating his people.

Allah Ta’ala berfirman

God has indeed favored the believers when He sent among them a messenger from among themselves, reciting to them His verses, purifying them, and teaching them the Book and wisdom, even if And before that you were in clear error

“Indeed God has given a gift to the believers when God sent among them a Messenger from their own group, who recited to them the verses of God, purified (the soul ) them, and taught them Al-Kitab and As-Sunnah. And indeed before (the arrival of the Prophet), they were really in clear error.” (Ali 'Imraan: 164).

Ibnu Katsir rahimahullah mengatakan,

And his saying: {God has indeed favored the believers when He sent among them a messenger from among themselves} meaning: from their own kind, so that they would be able to address him, ask him, sit with him, and benefit from him.

“And the word of Allah {لَقَدْ مَنَّ اللَّهُ عَلَى الْمُؤْمِنِينَ إِذْ بَعَثَ ف ِيهِمْ رَسُولًا مِنْ أَنْفُسِهِمْ} means (Allah sent a Messenger) from their kind (humans), so that they can communicate with him, ask him questions, sit with him and benefit from him."

He also said:

This is more eloquent in gratitude that he had messengers to them than them, so that they could address him and consult him in understanding what he said about him, and for this reason he said: {He recites to them His verses} meaning: the Qur’an {And purifies them} meaning: He commands them to do what is right and forbids them to do what is wrong, so that their souls may be purified and cleansed of the impurity and wickedness with which they were possessed. In the state of their polytheism and ignorance {And He teaches them the Book and the Wisdom} meaning: the Qur’an and the Sunnah {even though they were before} meaning: before this Messenger {in manifest error} meaning: in error and ignorance evident to everyone.

"This is a form of reminder of the most profound blessing, namely (Allah made) His Messengers who were sent to them from their own kind (humans), thus enabling them to communicate and meet him to ask about the meaning of his words. That's why Allah says: {يَتْلُو عَلَيْهِمْ آيَاتِهِ} meaning (reciting) the Koran, {وَيُزَكِّي هِمْ }(cleansing their souls) means ordering them to do things that are right and forbidding them from doing evil, so that their souls are pure and clean from the dirt and evil that they used to do when they were still young. drowning in shirkand jahiliyyah. {وَيُعَلِّمُهُمُ الْكِتَابَ وَالْحِكْمَةَ}means (Teaching) the Qur'an and As-Sunnah, {وَإِنْ كَانُوا مِنْ قَبْلُ} means before (the sending of ) this Messenger of Allah, لَفِي} ضَلَالٍ مُبِينٍ} means (they) really deep deviations and stupidity that appear clear and obvious to everyone.”

Shaykh Abdur Rahman As-Sa'dirahimahullah said,

{And He purifies them} from polytheism, sins, vices, and all other evils of morals

“{وَيُزَكِّيهِمْ} (purify) from polytheism, disobedience and despicable things and bad morals.”

He also said:

{And if before} the mission of this Messenger {they were in clear error} they did not know the path that leads to their Lord, nor what purifies and purifies souls. Rather, they did what their ignorance appeared pleasing to them, even if that contradicted the minds of the worlds.

“{وَإِنْ كَانُوا مِنْ قَبْلُ} (before) this messenger of the Prophet, {لَفِي ضَلَالٍ مُبِينٍ} not knowing the path that leads to their Lord, nor does it lead to something that can purify the soul and cleanse it, even something embellished by their stupidity, they do even if it is against the common sense of all other creatures."

Rasulullah sallallahu 'alaihi wa sallamis a witness, da'i ilallah bringer of glad tidings and warneras well as illuminating light.

Allah Ta’ala berfirman,

O Prophet, we have sent you as a witness, a bringer of good tidings, and a warner.

(45) O Prophet, verily We have sent you to be a witness, and a bearer of glad tidings and a warner,

And calling to God with his permission and a lamp shining

(46) and to be a caller to the Religion of God with His permission and to be an illuminating light. (A-Ahzaab: 45-46).

Shaykh Abdur Rahman As-Sa'dirahimahullah said, "These qualities (in the Verse), which God attributes to the Messenger- It is Muhammad, may God bless him and grant him peace, this is the purpose, the essence and the main thing of his being sent (to be a Messenger), which is his characteristic. And those things are five properties."


He as {شَاهِدًا }, means he is a witness for his people regarding the deeds they do, both good and bad deeds, as Allah Ta'ala said,

{That you may be witnesses over the people, and that the Messenger may be a witness over you}

“So that you (Muslims) will be a witness to the (deeds) of people and that the Messenger (Muhammad) will be a witness to your (deeds) .” (Al-Baqarah:143)

{So how when We bring from every nation a witness and bring you as a witness against these?}

“Then what will happen (to the disbelievers later), when We bring a witness (Messenger) from every nation and We bring you (Muhammad) as a witness over them ( your people).” (An-Nisa`:41). He is a fair witness and his testimony is accepted.

Second and third

He is (the bearer of good news and a warning) {مُبَشِّرًا وَنَذِيرًا} and this requires it to be stated who is the person who is given the good news and warning , and what is the content of the good news and the warning along with the deeds that cause it.The people who are given the good newsare believers and pious people who combine faith , righteous deeds and abandoning disobedience, then they have the right to receive good news in worldly life, in the form of all good rewards, both worldly and religious, as the sweet fruit of faith and piety. Meanwhile, in the afterlife it will be eternal enjoyment.

All of these things require that details about the matter be mentioned (the content of the good news), in the form of details of righteous deeds, forms of piety, and various kinds of rewards (good rewards). As for people who are given warnings, they are people who commit sins and are unjust, so they deserve a warning in the world in the form of worldly and religious punishment, as a bad impact his ignorance and cruelty. In the Hereafter, you will deserve painful torment and a long punishment. The details of this matter are in the teachings that he sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam brought, both in the Al-Qur'an and As-Sunnah which cover this matter.


{دَاعِيًا إِلَى اللَّهِ } It means (he is a preacher who) God sent to invite creatures to their Lord, bring them to be glorified by Him and order them to worship - Him that they were indeed created for (to worship Him), this shows the consequence of his specialism on the teachings that he calls out, and shows the necessity of mentioning the details of the content of his da'wah in the form of introducing them to the attributes of their Lord who is holy, sanctifying - His from something that is not worthy of His majesty, mentioning the various types of worship and the easiest way of preaching to God, giving their respective rights to everyone who is entitled, purifying preaching sincerely for God, not inviting to himself and not for glorifies himself, as it happens to many people in this problem. All that happened with the permission, command, will and taqdir of Allah Ta'ala upon him in preaching.


He as (illuminating light){سِرَاجًا مُنِيرًا }, this means that (before the Messenger of God, may God bless him and grant him peace) was sent, the creatures were in great darkness, there was no light with which they could be guided and there was no knowledge with which they could be guided in their ignorance until God sent a Prophet who this noble, then God illuminates the darkness with his presence, He teaches knowledge (so that they come out of ignorance) with his presence, and with his presence, God guides those who have gone astray to His straight path . So he became a straight figure (preacher), he explained the straight path to them, they followed this imam, and they knew what was good and what was bad, and (could distinguish) the happy from the unhappy. woe, through him.

They took the light by sending him as a Messenger to know their true worship, and to know Him through His praiseworthy attributes, His righteous deeds and His righteous laws.


God willing will continue to Priority of the Messenger of Allah, may God bless him and grant him peace, in Al-Qur`an< /span>. (2)

Processed from the transcript of Shaykh Rabi' Al-Madkholi hafizhahullah's lecture athttp://www.sahab.net/forums/?showtopic=132217 , with additional interpretation taken from: http://quran.ksu.edu.sa/.

Author: Ust. Sa'id Abu Ukasyah

Article Muslim.Or.Id

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