5 Positive and Negative Impacts of Forced Cultivation

5 Positive and Negative Impacts of Forced Cultivation


Forced cultivation or in Dutch it is better known as cultuur stelsel, is an idea sparked by a Dutch governor general named Johannes Van den Bosch. In forced cultivation itself, Indonesia was the party that suffered the most, while the profits from forced cultivation were mostly for the Netherlands. In its implementation, forced cultivation was fully supervised by Dutch officials. Meanwhile, the workers will get wages or often called cultuur percentage.

The wages earned will depend on how much of the proceeds are collected and then handed over to the Netherlands. With a system like that, the executors of forced cultivation justify any means to achieve great results, as a result there are various deviations in the implementation of the forced cultivation system, deviations

these include:

The people are more focused on planting export quality crops, rather than cultivating fields or paddy fields for local crops.
People who do not own land have to work extra hard beyond the allotted time.
The land allotment for export crops exceeds one-fifth of the total cultivated land.
When there is an excess of harvest, it is not returned to the farmer.
Harvest failure is the people's responsibility.
Positive and Negative Impacts of VOC Forced Cultivation The

implementation of forced cultivation had a major impact on the Indonesian people, both positive and negative impacts. Here is the full explanation:

Positive Impact


The Indonesian people are familiar with the techniques of planting new types of plants.
Indonesian people know plants with export quality.
Negative impact


Physical and mental suffering from overwork.
Big taxes
Local agriculture, especially rice, experienced crop failure.
Hunger and death everywhere
The decline in the population of Indonesia
That is a summary of the positive and negative impacts of the VOC or the Netherlands implementing the paksi planting method in Indonesia.

Source: jagohistory