HISTORY OF THE ESTABLISHMENT OF PSSI IN INDONESIA
PSSI (Football Association of all Indonesia) which was formed April 19, 1930 in Yogyakarta. As a sports organization that was born in the Dutch colonial era, the birth of PSSI was somehow related to political activities against colonialism. If you research and analyze the moments before, during and after its birth, up to 5 years after the Proclamation of Independence on August 17, 1945, it is very clear that PSSI was born, because it was raised by national politicians who, directly or indirectly, opposed colonialism with a strategy of sowing the seeds of nationalism. in the chest of Indonesian youth.
The Beginning of the Establishment of PSSI
PSSI was founded by a civil engineer named Soeratin Sosrosoegondo. He completed his education at the Higher Technical School in Heckelenburg, Germany in 1927 and returned to his homeland in 1928. When he returned to his homeland Soeratin worked for a Dutch construction company "Sizten en Lausada" based in Yogyakarta. There he was the only Indonesian who sat in the top ranks of the big construction company. However, driven by a high nationalist spirit Soeratin resigned from the company.
After quitting "Sizten en Lausada" he was more active in the field of movement, and as a young man who likes to play football, Soeratin is fully aware of implementing what has been decided at the Indonesian youth meeting on 28 October 1928 (Youth Pledge) Soeratin sees football as the best vehicle for sowing nationalism among the youth, as an action against the Dutch.
To carry out his ideals, Soeratin held meeting after meeting with football figures in Solo, Yogyakarta and Bandung. The meeting was conducted with personal contact avoiding Dutch Police (PID) ambushes. Then when a meeting was held at the small Binnenhof hotel on Jalan Kramat 17, Jakarta with Soeri - chairman of VIJ (Voetbalbond Indonesische Jakarta) along with other administrators, the idea of the need to form a national football organization was matured, which was then carried out in the city of Bandung, Yogya and Solo which were carried out with national movement figures such as Daslam Hadiwasito, Amir Notopratomo, A Hamid, Soekarno (not Bung Karno), and others.
Then on April 19, 1930, representatives from VIJ (Sjamsoedin - RHS students) gathered; deputy Bandoengsche Indonesische Voetbal Bond (BIVB) Gatot; Mataram Football Association (PSM) Yogyakarta, Daslam Hadiwasito, A. Hamid, M. Amir Notopratomo; Vortenlandsche Voetbal Bond (VVB) Solo Soekarno; Madioensche Voetbal Bond (MVB), Kartodarmoedjo; Indonesische Voetbal Bond Magelang (IVBM) EA Mangindaan (then still a HKS/School Teacher student, also Captain of Kes.IVBM) Soerabajashe Indonesische Voetbal Bond (SIVB) represented by Pamoedji. From this meeting, PSSI (Persatoean Sepakraga Seloeroeh Indonesia) was born. The name PSSI was changed at the PSSI congress in Solo 1950 to become the All Indonesian Football Association which also appointed Ir. Soeratin as Chairman of PSSI.
As soon as the PSSI was formed, Soeratin et al immediately drafted a program that was basically "against" the various policies taken by the Dutch government through the NIVB. PSSI gave birth to the "stridij program", namely a struggle program like that carried out by existing parties and mass organizations. Each bonden/union is required to carry out internal competitions for strata I and II, then it is upgraded to an inter-union championship called "Steden Tournooi" starting in 1931 in Surakarta.
The national football activity which was driven by PSSI, then aroused Susuhunan Paku Buwono X, after the fact that there were more and more footballers on the streets or places and in the square, where the Union Competition I was held. Paku Buwono X then built the Sriwedari stadium complete with lights, as an appreciation for the revival of "National Football" driven by PSSI. The stadium was inaugurated in October 1933. With the Sriwedari stadium, football activities became more intense.
Furthermore, Soeratin also encouraged the formation of a national sports body, so that the power of indigenous sports would become stronger against Dutch domination. In 1938 the ISI (Indonesian Sport Association) was established, which later organized the Sports Week (15-22 October 1938) in Solo.
Due to the increasing strength and unity of PSSI, in 1936 the NIVB finally changed to NIVU (Nederlands Indische Voetbal Unie) and began to pioneer cooperation with PSSI. As an early stage, NIVU brought a team from Austria "Winner Sport Club" in 1936.
In 1938 on behalf of the Dutch East Indies, NIVU sent its team to the 1938 World Cup, but the players were not from PSSI but from NIVU even though there were 9 native / Chinese players. This was an act of protest by Soeratin, because he wanted a match between the NIVU and PSSI teams first in accordance with the cooperation agreement between them, namely the cooperation agreement called the "Gentelemen's Agreement" which was signed by Soeratin (PSSI) and Masterbroek (NIVU) on January 5 1937 in Yogyakarta. Apart from that, Soeratin also did not want the NIVU (Dutch) flag to be used. During the 1938 PSSI congress in Solo, Soeratin unilaterally canceled the agreement with NIVU.
Soeratin ended his duties at PSSI in 1942, after being honorary chairman between 1940 – 1941, and was re-elected in 1942.
The entry of the Japanese army into Indonesia caused PSSI to be passive in competing, because Japan included PSSI as part of the Tai Iku Kai, namely a sports body made in Japan, then also became part of Gelora (1944) and only then became autonomous again at the PORI III congress in Yogyakarta (1949).
After Soeratin this national football event continued to grow even though the development of the Indonesian football world experienced ups and downs in the quality of players, competition and organization. However, this sport, which is acceptable to all levels of society, survives regardless of the conditions. PSSI as the parent of national football has indeed tried to build the national team properly, spending billions of rupiah, although the results are still not encouraging.
This is due to the wrong perspective. In order to improve the achievements of the National Team, it is not enough to only develop the National Team itself, but also two other important sectors, namely competition and organization, meanwhile without realizing it our national competition has been left behind.
Whereas in the era before the 70s, many Indonesian players could compete at the international level, namely the Ramang and Tan Liong Houw eras, then the Sucipto Suntoro era and later the Ronny Pattinasarani era.
In its development, PSSI has now expanded the types of competitions and matches it supports. The competition organized by PSSI in this country consists of:
· The main division followed by football clubs with players who are non-amateurs.
· Division one followed by football clubs with players who are non-amateurs.
· The second division is followed by football clubs with players with non-amateur status.
· Division three followed by football clubs with players who are amateurs.
· Age groups joined by football clubs with players:
· Under 15 years of age (U-15)
· Under 17 years of age (U-170)
· Under the Age of 19 (U-19)
· Under 23 years of age (U-23)
· Women's Football
PSSI also accommodates matches consisting of domestic matches organized by associations or football clubs, branch officials, regional administrators as outlined in the PSSI annual calendar of activities in accordance with the program drawn up by PSSI. Domestic matches organized by third parties who have received permission from PSSI. The competition is part of the Regional Sports Week (PORDA) and the National Sports Week (PON). Other matches involving participants from abroad or upon invitation from abroad with the permission of PSSI.
The management of PSSI has also reached management at the regional level throughout Indonesia. This makes Football increasingly a sport of the people and for the people.
In its development, PSSI has been a member of FIFA since November 1, 1952 at the FIFA congress in Helsinki. After being accepted as a member of FIFA, then PSSI was also accepted as a member of the AFC (Asian Football Confederation) in 1952, and even became a pioneer in the formation of the AFF (Asean Football Federation) during Kardono's administration, so that Kardono had become AFF vice president and then Honorary Chairman.
More than that, PSSI in 1953 strengthened its position as an organization with a legal entity by registering with the Ministry of Justice and obtaining approval through SKep Menkeh RI No. JA5/11/6, February 2, 1953, supplement to the Republic of Indonesia State Gazette dated March 3, 1953, no 18. This means that PSSI is the only sports organization that has been registered in the State Gazette since 8 years after Indonesia's independence.