Sabtu, 14 Januari 2023

The World's Oldest Civilization Recorded in History, Read This

Procedures for managing life and the environment are developments originating from ancient civilizations. You can feel the influence of civilization until now. In fact, many ancient civilizations were often adopted in cultural developments in a country until now. Here are some old civilizations in Indonesia.
1. Still

Inca is the world's oldest civilization in South America during the pre-Columbian era. Its territory included areas that are currently in the countries of Ecuador, Peru, and Chile. The military and political center was in the Cusco area (now in Peru). The Inca community was quite wealthy and the empire grew very rapidly since it was first founded. The Incas were followers of the religion of worshiping the sun god.

The first Inca emperor, Pachacuti, succeeded in transforming a once humble village into a large, well-laid out city in the form of a puma. He extended the tradition of ancestor worship. This made the Inca civilization develop very rapidly. The Inca built a massive building and continued to build a fortress for self-defense.

2. Aztec

The Aztecs emerged simultaneously and became major competitors to the Inca civilization. In 1200M-1300 AD, the Mexican community settled in 3 competing cities, namely the areas of Tenochtitlan, Texcoco, and Tlacopan. Around 1325, the city created a cooperative alliance by establishing a new state in the Valley of Mexico.

Actually, at that time, the people of that area preferred the Mexican name, but the ruler of that area changed it to an Aztec name. In the early 1500s, the Aztec civilization was at its golden age.

3. Rowawi

Roman civilization existed in the era around the 6th century BC. There is a legend and myth that mentions the birth of the ancient Romans. In its history, Rome had several great and famous emperors in human civilization, such as Julius Cesar, Trajan and Augustus.

In the end, the Roman Empire grew so vast that it was impossible to have one power under one government. The Roman Empire finally fell due to attacks by millions of barbarians from northern and eastern Europe.

4. Persia

Once upon a time when the ancient Persian civilization became the most feared empire in the world and the Oldest Civilization in the World. Despite only reigning for about 200 years, the Persians conquered an area of ​​up to 2 million square miles. Starting from the area of ​​Egypt to the area of ​​Greece, then to the area of ​​India and even almost the entire region of Central Asia. The Persian Empire is known the world over for its military might and had wise rulers like King Cyrus II.

This happened in 550 BC. The territories were divided into factions among a number of leaders. At the end of 533 BC, King Cyrus II had invaded India, far to the east. Even his bloodline continued to expand to ruthlessly invade other territories and even dueled in the legendary battle i.e. the Spartan battle. This ancient Persian glory was conquered by a legendary warrior from Macedonia, namely Alexander the Great, conquering the Persian empire, so that this great Persian civilization ended in 530 BC.

5. Greece

Greece is not the oldest civilization in the world, but it is one of the oldest civilizations in the world that we have ever seen. Although the ancient Greek civilization originated in the Cycladic and Minoan civilizations (2700 BC – 1500 BC), there is evidence of a Minoan burial discovered in the Franchthi Caves in Argolid, Greece dating to around 7250 BC. The history of civilization is so long that historians classify it into two periods, namely the Classical and Archaic Hellenistic periods.

The period of ancient Greek civilization has attracted a lot of attention from the world. This is because the Greek civilization has greatly influenced the rules in this world. To this day many people in the world talk about Greek civilization. The Greeks created the idea of ​​the ancient Olympics, the concepts of democracy and the senate. They created the basis for modern knowledge of geometry, biology, physics and others. In fact, there are many famous figures from Greece who have influenced the world a lot.

6. China

The Ancient Chinese Empire known as the Han Chinese empire had the most diverse history and culture of any Chinese dynasty that ever existed. The Yellow river civilization is said to be the most important by historians. For the entire Chinese civilization because this is the beginning of the founding of the early dynasties.

It was around 2700 BC that the legendary Yellow Emperor began to reign, the beginning of which would lead to the birth of the many dynasties that continued to rule mainland China. In 2070 BC, the Xia Dynasty became the first empire to rule all of China as written in ancient historical chronicles.

7. Maya

The ancient Mayan civilization lived in Central America from around 2600 BC and they have been widely discussed by the world community because of the calendar they created. After the Mayan civilization was founded,

Maya is the civilization that has the most sophisticated culture, with a population living in the Maya civilization of about 19 million at its peak. By 700 BC, the Mayans had devised their own script which they used to make their own solar calendar carved in stone.

8. Egypt

Ancient Egypt is one of the oldest and culturally richest civilizations on this list. Ancient Egypt is famous for the culture they have is very extraordinary, for example, the pyramids and the sphinx are proof of their progress. Egyptian civilization began to unify around 3150 BC, with an act of political unification of Upper and Lower Egypt by the first Pharaoh.

Ancient Egypt gave a great contribution to the world in the form of the magnificent pyramids, the mummified body to preserve the remains of the ancient Pharaoh until today, the first solar calendar, Hieroglyphics and many more that were all made by ancient Egyptian relics. Ancient Egypt reached its golden peak during the New Kingdom, where Pharaohs like Ramsee the Great. The Nile River civilization is also found in the Egyptian civilization.

9. The Indus River

The next oldest civilization in the world, namely the Indus valley, lived and developed in the Indus valley region. The Indus river civilization flourished in a region spanning areas in the northeast from Afghanistan to Pakistan and northwestern India. This civilization went hand in hand with Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia. The Indus River Valley Civilization had the largest area of ​​the three civilizations of Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia.

The area of ​​this civilization is 1.25 million km2. The population settled and lived in the vicinity of the Indus river basin, one of the major rivers in Asia, and another river called the Ghaggar-Hakra which runs through northeastern India and eastern Pakistan. Within the Indus River civilization there was a Harappa and Mohenjo Daro civilization. So named because of the excavation sites where remains of civilizations were found in both cities.

10. Mesopotamia

Mesopotamia is considered by historians to be the oldest civilization on earth since human evolution. This view is based on the absence of evidence that there was a society before them. The ancient Mesopotamian civilization lasted around 3300 BC – 750 BC. Mesopotamia is generally considered by the world community to be the first place where civilized society actually began to take shape.

Around 8000 BC ancient humans have discovered the concept of agriculture and other concepts that are still used today. Besides that, art has also been created by this civilization. But all of that is part of human culture. They prospered in what is now modern Iraq.

11. Lemuria

The Lemurian civilization lived during the period around 75000 BC – 11000 BC. If you look at the discussion above. Historians argue that the Atlanteans and Lemurians lived together at that time. The civilization of Lemuria was previously known to the world community than Atlantis and Ancient Egypt. We can see from his explanation from a work of Augustus Le Plongeon (1826-1908), a researcher and writer and can also be obtained in ancient records from the Mayans.

From the results of the translation of ancient Mayan records, we can see that the Lemuria civilization was more advanced than their ancestral civilization, namely Atlantis. Historians argue that the location of the Lemurian civilization was probably in the Pacific Ocean area (around present-day Indonesia). Many archaeologists argue that Easter Island is part of the Lemurian civilization. This can be seen from the hundreds of colossal stone statues that surround Easter Island and several ancient records engraved on several artifacts that refer to the remains of advanced civilizations in the past.

12. Small North

It was the Norte Chico civilization or Caral Supe civilization (3200–1800 BC) that left archaeological evidence that historians have found of settlements on the Peruvian coast, including a city center of the Norte Chico civilization in the Aspero and Caral regions.

The existence of an ancient quipu artifact or communication medium of the Andean people in Caral proves that the use of quipu objects as a medium of communication existed from ancient times. The rock pyramids at Norte Chico are likely contemporary with the Great Pyramids of Giza in Egypt. In Norte Chico there is no evidence of fortifications or signs of a major battle, unlike in other Andean towns.

13. Atlantis

The mythical story about the oldest civilization in the developed world, Atlantis, was first introduced by the Greek philosopher Plato (427 – 347 BC) in the book he wrote, namely Critias and Timaeus. In Plato's book Timaeus it is told that in front of the Mainstay Haigelisi strait, there is an island that is very large, its land is almost like a continent, from that island you can travel to other islands, in front of the island the whole land is surrounded by the ocean, that is the location of the kingdom of Atlantis .

At that time Atlantis had plans to start a big war with Athens, but suddenly Atlantis suddenly experienced a disaster in the form of earthquakes and floods, less than a day and a night, Atlantis sank into the sea, a great country that surpassed today's advanced civilization, disappeared. overnight.

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