Senin, 23 Januari 2023

Inventor of the First Computer

Inventor of the First Computer Charles Babbage .

Known as one of the pioneers or inventors of the first computer. Charles Babbage is a scientist in the world who is listed as the inventor of the First Computer, who has contributed a lot of his work to human life, especially in the field of computers.
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Computer Inventors and HistoryThe calculating machine (Difference Engine no.1) invented by Charles Babbage (1791-1871) is one of the most famous icons in the history of computer development and was the first automatic calculator.
Babbage is also known as the father of the computer. The Charles Babbage Foundation uses his name to recognize his contribution to the computer world.

Charles Babbage
Profile of Charles BabbageCharles Babbage was born in the area now known as Southwark, London, December 26 1791, the son of Benjamin Babbage, a Banker.
His strengths in mathematics are very prominent. On entering Trinity College at Cambridge in 1811, he found that his mathematical ability was far superior, even to that of his own tutors.

In his 20s Babbage worked as a mathematician, especially in the field of calculus functions. In 1816, he was elected a member of the "Royal Society" (an independent British scientific and academic organization, still active today).
He also played an important role in the foundation of the "Astronomical Society" (UK Astronomical and geophysical organization, still active today) in 1820. At this time Babbage became interested in calculating machines, which continued until the end of his life.

Creating a Difference Engine The Origin of ComputersDifference Engine (First Computer Model)In 1821 Babbage created the Difference Engine, a machine that could compile mathematical tables. While completing the machine in 1832, Babbage came up with the idea of ​​a better machine, which would be able to perform not just one type but many different types of arithmetic operations.

This machine was called the Analytical Engine (1856), which was intended as a general symbol manipulation engine, and had some of the characteristics of modern computers.

Among them is the use of punched cards, a memory unit for entering numbers, and various other basic computer elements.

Babbage's work was less well known until one day he met Ada, Countess of Lovelace, daughter of Lord Byron. Babbage first met there at an event on June 6, 1833. Nine years later, Luigi Federico Manabrea (an engineer from Italy) explained how the Analytical Engine worked.

This work was later translated and added notes by Ada Lovelace in 1843. Starting from that time people began to recognize the work of Charles Babbage.
But unfortunately, only a few remnants of the Difference Engine prototype machine, because the needs of these machines exceed the technology available at that time.
And although Babbage's work was appreciated by various scientific institutions, the British Government temporarily stopped funding for the Difference Engine in 1832, and finally discontinued it entirely in 1842. Similarly, the Difference Engine was only embodied in plans and designs.

Gelar The Lucasian Chair Of MathematicsFrom 1828 to 1839, Babbage received the title of the Lucasian chair of mathematics (the most prestigious title of mathematics professor in the world) from the University of Cambridge. Besides calculating machine, Babbage also made various other contributions.
He among other things created a modern postal system in England, compiled the first reliable insurance table, found the locomotive cowcather (a triangular-shaped structure at the front of the train, which is able to clean the rails from disturbances) and several others. In addition, Babbage also contributed his ideas in economics and politics.
Current Computer ModelsCharles Babbage is also a cryptanalysis expert who managed to solve the vigenere cipher (polyalphabet cipher). In fact, he had this intelligence since 1854, after he managed to beat Thwaites' challenge to solve his cipher.
However, he did not publish this discovery, so it was only discovered in the 20th century when experts examined Babbage's notes (writings, notes).
Behind all his success, the failure in making the calculating machine and the failure of government assistance to him, left Babbage in disappointment and sadness at the end of his life. Babbage died at his home in London on October 18, 1871.

Charles Babbage 'Father of the Computer'The invention of the computer by Babbage is the most useful contribution to mankind. Charles Babbage himself was later called the 'Father of the Computer' for his services in finding the forerunner of the computer.
Since then Babbage's findings have continued to be developed, especially the invention of modern computers made by Alan Turing. Currently computers are a supporting tool in human life and their forms are increasingly modern and increasingly sophisticated, from personal computers, laptops to super computers.

source: communication info

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