Minggu, 29 Januari 2023


Every football fan knows the offside rule, although explaining it in words can be difficult and annoying at times. But you know, this survival trap system also has an interesting history.
Origins of the term ' offside '
The term 'offside' is taken from the military world. In the military, the term 'off the strength of his side' is known, which means duty-free status. When a soldier is discharged, he will not get the privileges and salary as usual.
This principle is used in football. When a player is in an offside position, it means he or she is released from the game. In this case, what happened was a violation.
History of the Offside rule
Historical records show that England has implemented the offside rule since the 1800s. This rule was adopted from the sport of rugby which is also quite popular there. The concept is the same, forbidding a player to just sit still waiting for the bait in front of the enemy's goal.

The offside rule was first introduced by a professional club in 1985. The club was Sheffield FC. Sheffield made a rule forbidding an attacker from standing near the opponent's goal. If the attacker receives a pass from a partner, he is in an offside position.
However, at that time these regulations were still biased and unclear.
The 'Three Defenders' Rule
There are many different opinions about the offside rule. Until finally the University of Cambridge tried to unite the various versions in a formula of standard regulations. This standard rule was accepted and became the guideline at that time.
The rule is quite unique and is known as the "three backs" rule. In this rule an attacker has been declared offside even though there are still three opposing defenders in front of him, including the goalkeeper.
The 'Two Defenders' Rule
When FIFA was founded in 1904, all football regulations including offside began to be seriously considered. The Scottish Football Association is proposing to replace the "three at the back" rule with only two defenders.
An attacker is said to be offside if there are only two opposing defenders standing between him and the opponent's goal. Normally in a standard situation, the two defenders are a goalkeeper plus one defender.
This rule change was in effect since 1925, and resulted in a more attractive game. Because the chances of offside are smaller, the goals that are created are also more.

Impact of the Offside rule
The offside rule has triggered changes in the pattern and style of play. Every coach is forced to think hard to conquer the offside rule in attack and make it a surefire trap in defense.
It's kind of funny to remember that at that time the 2-3-5 pattern was very popular. The sweeper position is then raised to block the opponent's breakthrough baits that have the potential to escape the offside trap.
The 'One Defender' Rule
In 1990, the offside rule was again revised. An attacker is said to be in an offside position if, at the time of receiving the pass, there is only one defender in front of him. Under normal circumstances, the defender is the goalkeeper.
This rule began to be applied at the 1990 World Cup in Italy.
The 'Not Actively Involved in the Game' Rule
In 2003, FIFA made additional regulations regarding softer offside. When an attacker is in an offside position, he may not be offside. The condition is that the player is not actively involved in the game. This revision has perfected the offside rule, but on the other hand it has also caused controversy. Differences in perception between referees and players often trigger problems.

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